Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    A recent study by the Cologne Institute of Business Research (Institut der
    deutschen Wirtschaft Köln, IW) and the Institute for Employment Research
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung der Bundesanstalt für
    Arbeit, IAB) published in May 1999 provides new figures on collective
    bargaining coverage in Germany ("Tarifbindung im Wandel", S Kohaut and C
    Schnabel, in /iw-trends/ 2/99). In contrast to previous analyses (DE9902196F
    [1]), the new study covers all branches of the economy, including the public
    sector, and for the first time it also examines the coverage rates of company
    agreements.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/private-sector-collective-bargaining-coverage-analysed

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    A Swedish blue-collar worker in the private sector earned an average of SEK
    99.60 per hour in February 1999, and SEK 101.40 including overtime payments.
    An industrial worker earned SEK 104.30 per hour and SEK 106.50 including
    overtime. These figures represent an increase of 3.5% (3% including overtime)
    compared with February 1998, according to a survey which was released in May
    1999 by Statistics Sweden (Statistiska Centralbyrån, SCB). The average
    monthly salary of white-collar workers in the private sector was SEK 21,930
    (SEK 22,760 including various supplements) in February 1999 - an increase of
    3.7% in both cases, compared with February 1998.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    In a ballot whose results were released in April 1999, the members of the
    Danish Nurses' Organisation (Dansk Sygplejeråd, DSR) rejected the new
    general collective agreement for employees of counties and municipalities
    negotiated by the trade union bargaining cooperation body, the Association of
    Local Government Employees' Organisations (Kommunale Tjenestemænd og
    Overenskomstansatte, KTO), as well as the specific agreement within this
    framework negotiated by the parties in the healthcare sector (DK9903114F
    [1]). In the ballot, more than 60% of the nurses voted "no" to the agreements
    (DK9904120N [2]), handing a defeat to the majority of members of the DSR
    executive who, headed by the presidentJette Søe, had recommended the KTO
    deal.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/new-pay-settlements-take-decentralised-approach
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/nurses-and-teachers-reject-new-three-year-agreements

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    The first Catalan congress of small and medium-sized enterprises, organised
    by the regional employers' association Fomento del Trabajo Nacional,
    concluded on 5 May 1999. The result was a series of proposals designed to
    promote the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises, with
    special emphasis on labour and fiscal measures.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    Early retirement schemes and their impact on the position of older employees
    is becoming a serious bone of contention in Belgium in view of certain labour
    shortages (BE9905271F [1]). Early retirement has contributed to the very low
    labour market participation rates of the 50-64 age group. The two key matters
    of controversy are the costs of a system with so many retired people compared
    with the group of those active on the labour market, and the increasing
    shortages in certain segments of the labour market (BE9902262N [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/belgium-reviews-policies-on-older-workers
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/flemish-employers-and-government-focus-on-hard-to-fill-vacancies

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    April-May 1999 saw strike action by some train drivers at the SNCF state
    railway company, in protest against changes in the organisation of working
    time entailed by the implementation of the 35-hour working week, an issue
    which had been under negotiation for more than four months. The strike was
    initially called by the independent train drivers' union, FGAAC, and opposed
    by CGT, the largest union at SNCF.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    The development of new economic branches such as information technology (IT)
    and "industry-related services" has created new areas which are often not
    covered by collective agreements. Newly founded firms and spin-offs of
    traditional industrial companies usually avoid being bound by collective
    agreements. Some companies are even said to outsource service activities in
    order to avoid existing agreements which were designed for production
    activities and which are perceived to be incompatible with the demands of a
    service company. As yet, there are no sector-specific collective agreements
    for the IT industry.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    On 21 April 1999, the Swedish Employers' Confederation (Svenska
    Arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) presented the results of an investigation into
    the costs to companies of trade union activities ("Företagens kostnad för
    facklig "/verksamhet/). The study was carried out on SAF's behalf in May-June
    1998 by the Demoskop research company. It consisted of 807 interviews with
    personnel managers and departments in 981 enterprises with 50 or more
    employees, in four industries in the private sector (manufacturing, hotels
    and restaurants, building and transport) which employ around a quarter of the
    total private sector workforce. The survey covered firms employing some
    650,000 workers, or around 50% of the workforce in the industries concerned.

  • Article
    27 Mai 1999

    A survey published in March 1999 revealed fast employment growth in the South
    of Italy in 1998, with the growth concerning mainly part-time workers,
    workers on fixed-term contracts and women, reflecting recent labour market
    policy. However, the early figures for the first months of 1999 indicate a
    slowdown in growth.

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications