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  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    A reform of Portugal's Statute on Teaching Careers is currently under
    negotiation in a context that has favoured strengthening the power of the
    teaching trade unions, given that education is one of the Government's
    priorities. This feature highlights the strategy employed by the teaching
    unions to assume greater control over their profession in terms of autonomy,
    social mobility and control of their labour market.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    Apprenticeships, together with secondary vocational schools (ninth to 13th
    grade, around 15 to 19 years of age), form the backbone of the Austrian
    skill-formation system. They are a part of the formal educational structure,
    and are usually entered into at the age of 15, after completion of the
    compulsory nine years of schooling. They involve an employment relationship
    plus formal schooling over a period of three or sometimes four years.
    Schooling is for the equivalent of one and a half or two days per week.
    Apprentices graduate through a final examination in which they have to prove
    their theoretical and practical grasp of the occupation concerned. There are
    about 45,000 establishments having certified trainers among their employees.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 21 May 1997, after five bargaining rounds, the miners' trade union
    Industriegewerkschaft Bergbau und Energie (IGBE), the salaried employees'
    union Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG) and the Unternehmensverband
    Ruhrbergbau (UVR) employers' association for the hard-coal mining industry in
    Northrhine-Westphalia, concluded a pilot agreement which covers roughly
    75,000 employees in the Northrhine-Westphalia hard-coal mining industry. The
    framework for the contents of the agreement was partly set by the "coal
    compromise" of 13 March 1997 (DE9703104F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/miners-revolt-ends-in-corporatist-compromise

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The aim of the ETUC day of action (EU9704120N [1]) was to mobilise pressure
    on the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) (EU9704117F [2]) and the Amsterdam
    European Council meeting (EU9706133N [3]) for a strong commitment to
    employment creation in the revised European Union (EU) Treaty.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/etuc-organises-european-day-of-action-for-employment
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/progress-of-the-intergovernmental-conference
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/amsterdam-summit-agrees-new-draft-treaty

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    Jarmo Lähteenmäki, the chair of the Finnish Paperworkers' Union- one of the
    most powerful unions in the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions
    (SAK) - announced after a meeting on 11 June 1997 that the union will not
    enter national negotiations on incomes policy. Instead, "the Paperworkers'
    Union will focus directly on talks with individual unions" - ie, it will
    engage only in direct industry-level negotiations with employers in its
    sector. The union cited special problems in its sector which prevented it
    from participating in comprehensive national incomes policy discussions, such
    as the utilisation of outside labour in factories, the move to shorten
    working hours, the contracting-out of different factory operations, and the
    decision by two of the largest firms in the forestry industry to discontinue
    personnel funds (a form of profit-sharing scheme).

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The high priority currently given to budget consolidation has been translated
    by the Austrian Government into, among other measures, a need to limit
    increases in civil service costs - currently ATS 215 billion per year - to no
    more than 1.3% annually. The Government is trying to achieve this aim by
    reducing the number of civil service employees, keeping salary increases
    moderate in real terms, and reducing pensions.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 3 March 1997, the Hanover regional branch of the metalworkers' trade union
    Industriegewerkschaft Metall (IG Metall) and the management of PPS Personal-,
    Produktions- und Servicegesellschaft mbH, Salzgitter, concluded a company
    agreement on partial retirement - the first such agreement in the
    metalworking industry. Negotiations between IG Metall and the metalworking
    employers' association Gesamtverband der metallindustriellen
    Arbeitgeberverbände (Gesamtmetall), first about industry-wide and later
    about regional collective agreements on partial retirement, reached an
    impasse in June 1997. Although the agreement at PPS was signed in March,
    reliable information has only recently been publicised.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The eradication of bullying at school has long been an important aim, and
    even though it still occurs, there is a genuine wish to stamp it out.
    However, relatively few people are aware of the seriousness of bullying
    within the workplace. Surveys have been highlighting this point for a long
    time - the table below provides some recent examples - but now at last it
    seems that the social partners are beginning to realise the hidden costs of
    bullying, and attempting to wipe it out.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications