Publications

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Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Flexicurity – Theory or practice?

    The concept of flexicurity – a strategy to enhance flexibility and security in the labour market at the same time – gained new momentum with the advent of the economic crisis. Public and policy discussions are now dealing with the question of whether flexicurity also works during times of economic crisis, or indeed, if it even can be a way out of the recession.
  • Occupational safety and health in SMEs

    Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are an important part of the Slovak Republic’s economy, making up 95% of all enterprises in the country (see table below). SMEs are also a stabilising element in the economic system and the branch with the highest potential of growth.
  • Working conditions – the dark side of tourism

    Tourism is an important sector for Austria, not only for the country’s reputation but also for its economy. The sector, which includes hotels, restaurants and catering, is a major employer providing 5.4% of the country’s jobs and generating added value amounting to 4.4% of the gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Commission launches Youth Opportunities Initiative

    Youth unemployment is a growing concern in the EU as the economic downturn continues. In October 2011 the unemployment rate (25Kb PDF) [1] among those aged 15 to 24 in the EU27 was 22%. Some countries are particularly badly affected, such as Spain with 49% youth unemployment and Greece with 45%. A further concern is that young people who successfully find work may be employed on temporary or part-time contracts. [1] http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=7267&langId=en
  • Steelworkers’ strike continues into fifth month

    Steel maker Hellenic Halyvourgia [1] was created from the merger of Halyvourgia Thessalias and Helliniki Halyvourgia on 1 December 2006. Since then domestic demand for its steel has declined and the company has not been able to create an export market for its products. [1] http://www.hlv.gr/index-en.html
  • New rules for Expo 2015 building sites

    During the assignment of the first contract for construction work at the site of the 2015 Universal Exposition, which will take place in Milan, a draft agreement was signed covering health and safety requirements. It takes its lead from the health and safety pact signed in 2008 covering building sites in Milan (*IT0902029I* [1]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-pact-on-health-and-safety-for-building-sites-in-milan
  • Raising retirement age reignites national debate

    In 2006, the then German government proposed gradually raising the statutory retirement age from 65 to 67 years. At the time, the coalition was made up of the conservative Christian Democratic Party (CDU [1]), its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU [2]), and its coalition partner, the Social Democratic Party (SPD [3]). [1] http://www.cdu.de/ [2] http://www.csu.de/ [3] http://www.spd.de/
  • Positive outcome for measures to combat social dumping

    The EU enlargements in 2004 and 2007 coincided with a sharp growth in demand for workers in the Norwegian labour market. These workers mostly came from Eastern Europe, but this influx led to social dumping [1]; - the problem of poor pay and conditions, breaches of health and safety rules, and unfair competition. The government launched two action plans in 2006 and 2008 to combat this. Many of the measures were initiated by the trade unions, Fellesforbundet [2] and The Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO [3]), who demanded that collective agreements be made generally applicable – a new measure that would have substantial effects on parts of the industrial relations system. This idea was met with scepticism by employers. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/social-dumping [2] http://www.fellesforbundet.no/In-English/A-short-introduction-/ [3] http://www.lo.no/
  • New measures to tackle undeclared work in agriculture

    The rate of undeclared work [1] in Italy is, on average, 12.2%, but there are strong regional differences. According to a report (in Italian [2]) by the Italian National Institute for Statistics (Istat [3]), the percentage of irregular workers in the south, where Puglia is situated, is 19%, while the figure in northern Italy is 10.2%. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/undeclared-work [2] http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/39522 [3] http://www.istat.it/en
  • Social partners put short-time work reform into practice

    The new agreement reached in January 2012 on short-time work is seen as the first step towards negotiating a structural reform of the French labour market to simplify the short-time work scheme, to make it more accessible to companies in difficulty. The social partners have already arranged three working meetings between now and 7 March to discuss this reform, which has been called for by all negotiating parties.

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