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research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
The Hager Group is a family-run company based in the German Saarland with approximately 10,000 employees worldwide. The company offers a complete range of systems, solutions and services for energy distribution in buildings, including security solutions as well as electrical installations supplies for larger-scale projects in the field of industry and infrastructure. The Hager company is characterised by a strong German-French corporate identity with equally strong production facilities on both sides of the border. This cross-border corporate culture was also a major driving force for the establishment of the Hager SE in 2007.
Fresenius was one of the first German companies with a two-tier corporate governance structure to become a European company in July 2007. The actors involved in the negotiation process worked under the impression to accomplish pioneer work. Both the management and the employee side representatives have assessed the Fresenius SE agreement as very positive and have personally earned positive feedback for the outcome. The example of Fresenius’ conversion into an SE shows a multilayer process of Europeanisation.
Strabag is a multinational building and construction company. It operates in three areas: building construction and civil engineering; road construction; and tunnelling and services, in more than 500 locations worldwide. In 2009, Strabag SE had 75,500 employees, of which more than 80% worked in Europe. The Strabag SE was officially registered in the company register of Klagenfurt in Austria on 12 October 2004 as one of the first European Companies and was the first one based in Austria. However, the conversion of the Strabag AG Holding into a SE only came into force in May 2006 due to legal problems and procedures.
The Ministry of Labour’s Review of collective bargaining in 2010 (in
French) , carried out by the General Labour Directorate (DGT) recorded 25
agreements signed on an interprofessional basis, about the same as in 2008
(26), but less than half the total in 2009 (58). However, the report
underlines the high number of negotiations held in 2010 in connection with
the ambitious programme to reform the employee representative bodies and the
institutionalised system of the parity principle  (/paritarisme/). The DGT
highlights, in particular, the national interprofessional agreement (ANI) on
harassment and violence at work (in French, 161Kb PDF) , signed on March
26 (FR1006011I )/,/ as well as the agreement on socially responsible
management of the impact of the economic crisis on employment, on May 19,
According to the Labour Inspectorate (Tööinspektsioon ), the number of
registered work accidents and illnesses is misleading, appearing to be
considerably lower in Estonia than in other EU Member States. However, it
seems this is not due to better working conditions here than in other Member
States, but rather to the underreporting of minor work accidents and
under-registration of occupational illnesses.
The review of the framework of Registered Employment Agreements (REAs) and
Employment Regulation Orders (EROs) was initiated as part of the four-year
economic plan announced in November 2010 and approved as part of the EU/IMF
Programme of Financial Support for Ireland (994Kb PDF) . The review was
carried out by Kevin Duffy, Chair of the Labour Court  (acting in an ad
hoc capacity) and economist Dr Frank Walsh of University College, Dublin.
Over 360 submissions were made to the review by unions, employer bodies,
state bodies and other interested parties.
In June 2011 the association for bus drivers working for private bus
companies (ACAP) and the transport section of the Federation of Christian
Trade Unions of Luxembourg (LCGB-Transport ) began a campaign called ‘la
Apprenticeships are designed to favour the gradual entry of young people aged
between 15 and 29 into the labour market. The new reform aims to better
clarify the legal and institutional position of apprenticeships.
On 30 June, the Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (LCGB )
organised a press conference, reported by Le Quotidien , aimed at ending
speculation about alleged dismissals from its executive management.