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research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Unemployment insurance premiums in Estonia are regulated by the Unemployment
Insurance Act  and represent 2.8% of the wages for employees and 1.4% of
the payroll for employers (*EE0908019I* ). The financial resources
collected from employers and employees are used by the Estonian Unemployment
Insurance Fund (Eesti Töötukassa ) to pay different unemployment
Lawyer Helena Lamponen has been appointed as Finland’s first Cooperation
Ombudsman, starting work in September 2010. She is a member of the Central
Union for Special Branches within Akava (Akavan Erityisalat ), affiliated
to the Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff (AKAVA
). The Cooperation Ombudsman, who is appointed for a five-year period,
oversees compliance with legislation on workplace cooperation and other
arrangements concerning industrial democracy.
Before the onset of the economic crisis, temporary agency work  (TAW) had
been booming in Austria with an all-time high of 80,000–90,000 temporary
agency workers in 2008, accounting for about 2.4% of the dependently employed
workforce. With the recovery in the economy, there was an increase in
temporary agency workers from 54,000 to 80,000 between January and June 2010.
Unlike other European countries, France has been reluctant to develop the
system of teleworking. According to a DARES report (in French, 204Kb PDF) 
published in December 2004, only 2% of French workers practised this type of
working arrangement in 2003 and only 5% worked away from their office making
use of available technology.
In February 2006, in a joint memorandum entitled /Legal Enactment and
Legislation of the Right of Workers to Join a Trade Union Organisation and
Bargain Collectively/, the country’s main trade union organisations – the
Democratic Labour Federation of Cyprus (DEOK ), Pancyprian Federation of
Labour (PEO ) and Cyprus Workers’ Confederation (SEK ) – requested
that the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance  initiate social dialogue
on the modernisation of the system of industrial relations in Cyprus
(*CY0602104F* ). The joint memorandum proposed new procedures to ensure
the right to organise and to regulate trade union
recognition/representativeness for collective bargaining purposes. The trade
unions also proposed that collective agreements should become legally
enforceable, thus obliging employers to comply with the relevant collective
agreements. Although a request to speed up the procedures was also put
forward later in July 2006 (*CY0607019I* ), it was only in May 2008 that
the issue was referred for examination to a Tripartite Technical Committee
(TTC) under the chairmanship of the Department of Labour Relations, when a
first preliminary working document was submitted.
On 7 September 2010, following a difficult round of bargaining (both during
the direct talks and at the subsequent mediation stage) that lasted for
almost two years, trade unions and employer organisations representing hotel
workers accepted the revised mediation proposal (*CY1006019I* ) put
forward by the Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance and signed a new
collective agreement that covers over 16,000 skilled and unskilled workers.
However, 4,000 of these workers are immigrants who in practice may not be
covered by the agreement.
A report (in Italian, 3.73Mb PDF)  on the activities of Forma.Temp 
(the bipartite training fund for the temporary agency sector, IT0807019Q )
in 2009 was published jointly by Forma.Temp and Ebitemp  (the bipartite
body for temporary work) in July 2010. The report summarises trends in the
employment of temporary agency workers (TAWs) and the provision of training
for TAWs in Italy.
Between January 2009 and September 2010, Eurofound’s European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) gathered information on over 22,000 restructuring related job cuts and nearly 9,000 job gains from reports in the Hungarian media.
The Agency Workers Regulations 2010 , implementing the EU agency workers
directive, were drawn up by the previous Labour government in January 2010
and are due to come into force in October 2011.
The survey (in German)  conducted by the German Metalworkers’ Union (IG
Metall ) focuses mainly on the metalworking and steel industry, although
it does cover, to a much smaller degree, the textile and woodworking
industries. The union wrote to 8,274 works councils asking how their company
dealt with recruitment after the financial crisis. The union received 5,159
responses, of which 2,997 came from works councils in companies with fewer
than 200 employees.