Industrial relations

  • Database of wages, working time and collective disputes

    This database aims to provide researchers and policymakers with a set of country-level data in the area of wages, working time and collective disputes. It looks at both the systems that are currently in place (such as legislation or collective bargaining agreements) and some outcomes (such as the level of collectively agreed pay or working time). Short, qualitative descriptions have been added to the data to facilitate a better understanding. The database covers all 28 EU Member States and Norway and provides time series from 2000–2017. It will be updated every second year. 

  • Country profiles

    Background information on industrial relations in 28 EU Member States and a number of other countries: facts and figures, links to sources, an overview of the main industrial relations features, actors, processes and outcomes.

  • Representativeness studies

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Tanning and leather industry

  • Get your facts straight with Eurofound

    20 October is European Statistics Day, an initiative of the European Statistical Advisory Committee (ESAC) and with the support of the members of the European Statistical System and the European System of Central Banks.

  • EU-level developments

  • Working time and work-life balance

    Working time is one of the most important areas of employment policy where the EU has intervened through legislation to improve working conditions and the health and safety of workers.The Working Time Directive lays down provisions for a maximum 48-hour working week (including overtime), rest periods and breaks, and a minimum of four weeks’ paid leave per year to protect workers from adverse health and safety risks.

  • Pay

    Pay is the foundation of the relationship between employer and employee. Level of pay, to a great extent, influences the job satisfaction, quality of work and standard of living of employees. For employers, pay is the most significant part of labour costs, and accounts for a proportion of the price of goods and services.

  • Actors and institutions

    Trade unions, employers’ organisations and public institutions play a key role in the governance of the employment relationship, working conditions and industrial relations structures. They are interlocking parts in a multilevel system of governance that includes the European, national, sectoral, regional (provincial or local) and company levels.

  • Individual employment relations

    Individual employment relations are the relationship between the individual worker and their employer. This relationship is shaped by legal regulation and by the outcomes of social partner negotiations over the terms and conditions governing the employment relationship.