Indicator expressing the number of people in employment as a percentage of the working-age population. Owing to differences in the measurement of activity rates, international comparison of the unemployment rate is an unsatisfactory instrument for evaluating the relative performance of individual countries in terms of employment policy. For example, Austria's high level of employment was for a long time interpreted in terms of its formerly low activity rate. The formulation of the employment rate, as expressing the relation between those economically active persons who are actually employed and the total working-age population, has provided an employment indicator which takes this circumstance into account. In 1997 Austria's employment rate was 67.2%, as against an EU average of 60.1% (Germany 63.6%).