FEDERAL CAREER PUBLIC SERVANT
|FEDERAL CAREER PUBLIC SERVANT
In the public service, there is a distinction between employment relationships governed respectively by public law and by private law. Those public employees who are employed under a public-law relationship with central government are called federal career public servants (Bundesbeamte) and their employment relationship is regulated by the 1979 Career Public Service Regulations Act (Beamten-Dienstrechtsgesetz). Employees of central government who are employed under a private-law employment relationship are called contract public employees (Vertragsbedienstete) and their employment is regulated by the 1948 Contract Public Employees Act (Vertragsbedienstetengesetz).
Hitherto, the public-law employment relationship has predominated in central government employment: in most engagements, after 5-10 years' service the legal status of contract public employees has been converted to that of a federal career public servant (carrying permanent tenure of appointment). In recent years, however, in all areas of the public service other than the general administration, the judiciary and the police forces there has been an increasing slowdown in intake into public-law employment relationships. A new Contract Public Employees Act is at present being debated under which (with the exception of the general administration, the judiciary and the police forces) the private-law employment relationship will become the general rule for other public employees, and in particular teachers, research workers and health service employees.