FEDERATION OF AUSTRIAN INDUSTRY
|FEDERATION OF AUSTRIAN INDUSTRY
VEREINIGUNG DER ÖSTERREICHISCHEN INDUSTRIE
The Federation of Austrian Industry (widely referred to by the initials VÖI and also known for short as the Industriellen-Vereinigung i.e. Industrialists' Federation) is the voluntary organization which represents the interests of manufacturing industry. Its membership domain also includes managerial staff in manufacturing industry plus enterprises associated with manufacturing industry. In formal terms, the VÖI's membership domain as thus defined is seen as relatively open. It derives its distinctive profile (chiefly as compared with the Economic Chamber of Austria (WKÖ), whose membership domain overlaps with it) from two informal criteria: first, the VÖI sees itself as the organization representing enterprises which use “industrial” production methods, the most important feature of which is the separation of management functions from execution; and second, it regards itself as the mouthpiece of the exposed sector. In 1998 its membership comprised 2011 enterprises with a total of 448, 491 employees. It combines the functions of both an employers' organization and a trade association. In its capacity as representing the exposed sector, the VÖI has always worked to bring about the liberalization of foreign trade and the integration of Austria into the European common market: Austria's decision to apply for membership of the European Community originated from a VÖI initiative. Although as an employers' organization it possesses the capacity to conclude collective agreements, in practice it makes no use of that capacity and confines itself to exerting its influence on bargaining policy through officials who simultaneously occupy positions (see multiple office-holding) in the decision-making bodies of those WKÖ sectoral subunits which conduct collective bargaining for the various areas of manufacturing industry. In addition, it represents the labour market interests of its members in dealings with government bodies, as one of the organizations which form part of the system of social partnership.