FREELANCE

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AUSTRIA
FREELANCE
FREIER MITARBEITER

Expression used to describe individuals who undertake to perform a continuous activity for a company without being personally dependent, i.e. they are not in a position of legal subordination (persönliche Abhängigkeit) to the employer's authority (freelances working in radio and television companies are one example). This element of subordination is the deciding criterion which distinguishes freelances from employees: if it is deemed to be present, the individual concerned is classed as an employee. In general, freelances are unable to invoke the protective provisions of labour law. Recently, however (along with other forms of self-employment), they have been brought within the coverage of Austria's social insurance system, which means that they now enjoy at least social insurance protection against major risks. Freelances who are classed as persons treated in law as similar to employees (arbeitnehmerähnliche Personen) enjoy a special position in terms of labour law (see employee).


Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.