MINIMALLY EMPLOYED WORKERS
|MINIMALLY EMPLOYED WORKERS
Categorization applied to employees whose monthly pay does not exceed a fixed amount laid down by law and uprated annually (usually because they are part-time workers). Groups commonly affected include students, pensioners and housewives. Classification in this category is particularly important from the point of view of social insurance law, since minimally employed workers are in principle exempted from compulsory health and pension insurance under the state scheme. They still have the right to opt into the scheme by voluntary declaration, but if they do so they are personally responsible for paying in employee's social insurance contributions directly. Employers, on the other hand, are required to pay employer's contributions in respect of minimally employed workers if the total wage bill for such workers is more than 1.5 times the specified threshold. In terms of labour law, except in the rare cases where they work full-time employees classed as minimally employed workers are treated in the same way as other part-time workers. In particular, they are covered by the provisions of the Working Time Act (Arbeitszeitgesetz) on part-time work (see working hours/working time).