SYSTEM OF SOCIAL SECURITY COURTS

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GERMANY
SOZIALGERICHTSBARKEIT
SYSTEM OF SOCIAL SECURITY COURTS

The system of jurisdiction which deals with matters relating to social security , the Employment Promotion Act (Arbeitsförderungsgesetz) and other functions performed by the Federal Employment Service, war victims' pensions and military pensions, the Disabled Persons Act and the Childcare Payment and Childcare Leave Act, the law on health-insurance doctors and dentists and old-age benefits for the agricultural sector, and with public-law disputes brought before the social security courts in virtue of the Continued Wage Payment Act or special instructions on the process of law.

It is a three-tier system, with first-instance Social Security Courts (SG) and Land Social Security Courts (LSG) as the appeal instance, and the Federal Social Security Court (BSG) for appeal on points of law. The individual panels (or chambers) of the SG have one career judge and two lay judges on the bench; the panels (or senates) of the LSG and the BSG have three career judges and two lay judges. No legal costs are payable for proceedings before the social security courts, and the parties are able to represent themselves before the SG and the LSG.


Please note: the European industrial relations glossaries were compiled between 1991 and 2003 and are not updated. For current material see the European industrial relations dictionary.