27 Μάρτιος 2000
Recent years have seen a growing number of collective agreements across Europe at all levels addressing employment and competitiveness in a coordinated way. In February 2000, a conference was held in Rome on the experience of such "Pacts for Employment and Competitiveness", with a special focus on the transport sector. A research study conducted by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions was presented during the two days of the conference, and workshops and round-tables examined the cases of the airline and railway sectors.
27 Μάρτιος 2000
On 17 February 2000, the autonomous trade unions, Gilda and Cobas, called a national strike involving Italian school teachers at all educational levels. The majority of school teachers took part in the strike, in protest against new assessment procedures and pay differentiation, creating difficulties for the confederal unions and another autonomous union, which had approved the sectoral collective agreement on which the new procedures are based. The Cisl union confederation held another demonstration against the government's educational policy on 19 February 2000.
27 Μάρτιος 2000
In February 2000, Italy's Cisl trade union confederation organised the country's first "virtual demonstration", in protest against the government's economic and employment policy. About 25,000 people took part in the demonstration.
27 Μάρτιος 2000
In February 2000, after the privatisation of the Italian state-owned telecommunications company, Telecom Italia, and the liberalisation of the telecoms market, the process of reorganising Italy's main telecoms company has started, with the planned loss of 13,000 jobs. Meanwhile, talks have begun over a new single agreement for the whole sector.
27 Φεβρουάριος 2000
On 3 February 2000, Italy's Constitutional Court ruled on the admissibility of 20 proposals for referenda presented by the Radicals political party. It allowed only two of the proposed referenda on trade union and labour issues - those on on individual dismissals and on the collection of trade union fees. While the promoters are highly critical of the Constitutional Court decisions, trade unions declared themselves satisfied with the rulings and announced a campaign to support a vote against the two permitted referenda.
27 Δεκέμβριος 1999
During 1999, there was little growth in the Italian economy – GDP rose by 1.2% in the first nine months of the year, according to the Italian statistical office Istat. However, the government maintains that GDP growth in 1999 shows that the Italian economy is recovering and should continue to do so in 2000.
27 Ιούλιος 1999
After eight months of difficult negotiations, on 8 June 1999, Fim-Cisl, Fiom-Cgil and Uilm-Uil, the metalworkers' unions belonging to the three main trade union confederations, and the employers' associations Federmeccanica and Assistal accepted a mediation proposal put forward by the Minister of Labour, aimed at concluding the renewal of the collective agreement for the Italian metalworking industry. During June and July, the procedure for approval of the agreement involved consultation of trade union members on the Ministry of Labour's proposal, and a referendum of all workers on the text of the agreement agreed by the parties in June. In both consultations, the majority of votes were cast in favour of the agreement, which opened the way for its definitive signing.
27 Ιανουάριος 1999
In December 1998, a tripartite agreement to set up a system of "concertation" in Italy's transport sector and to define new rules on the right to strike was reached at the Ministry of Transport. The agreement was signed on the trade union side by the main Cgil, Cisl and Uil confederations, together with their respective sectoral federations, and by other confederations such as Cisal and Ugl. On the employers' side, the deal was signed by organisations including Confindustria, Federtrasporto, Agens and Lega delle Cooperative. The effectiveness of the pact has been called into question by its rejection by a number of independent unions, mostly in the railways sector, and by foreseeable difficulties in enforcing the rules on the right to strike.
27 Δεκέμβριος 1998
In the first nine months of 1998, according to the National Institute of Statistics (Istat), Italian GDP rose by 1.6%, a smaller increase than expected. The inflation rate decreased marginally to 1.6%, while the unemployment rate stood at 12.6%, slightly up from 1997. At the same time, the employment rate grew by 0.9%. This can be explained by the fact that the unemployment rate differs markedly between geographical areas - for example, it is particularly high in Southern Italy (23.2%). In addition, unemployment affects women more than men, with rates of 16.9% and 9.6% respectively. In 1998, the public deficit stood at 2.6% of GDP.
27 Σεπτέμβριος 1998
In September 1998, the Fiom-Cgil, Fim-Cisl and Uilm-Uil trade unions presented their platform for negotiations over renewal of the metalworking sectoral agreement. Talks between the unions and the Federmeccanica employers' confederation should conclude by the end of 1998. In view of its traditional role as the "pattern-setting" agreement, the metalworking accord should have a major influence on the forthcoming bargaining round. The main issues addressed in the union platform are workers' rights, working hours, and job creation.