EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

30 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Τίτλος Country Τύπος Εγγενές όνομα Όνομα στην Αγγλική
Malta: Rescue procedures in insolvency Malta Rescue procedures in insolvency Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Regolamenti dwar Fond ta' Garanzija (Avviż Legali 432 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 444 tal-2004 u 413 tal-2005 u Avviz Legali 283 of 2017) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Guarantee Funds Regulations (Legal Notice 432 of 2002, amended by Legal Notices 444 of 2004 and 413 of 2005 and L.N. 283 of 2017​)
Austria: Rescue procedures in insolvency Austria Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvenzordnung (IO) Insolvency Act
Cyprus: Rescue procedures in insolvency Cyprus Rescue procedures in insolvency Ο περι εταιρειών νόμος (κεφάλαιο 113) Companies Law (Chapter 113)
Portugal: Rescue procedures in insolvency Portugal Rescue procedures in insolvency Código da Insolvência e da Recuperação de Empresas (CIRE); Lei 6/2018 de 22 de Fevereiro - estabelece o estatuto do mediador de recuperação de empresas; Lei 8/2018 de 2 de Março - Regime Extrajudicial de Recuperação de Empresas Insolvency and business recovery code; Law 6/2018 of 22 February - establishes the business recovery mediator; Law 8/2018 of 2 March - Extrajudicial recovery procedure
Bulgaria: Rescue procedures in insolvency Bulgaria Rescue procedures in insolvency Търговски закон Commerce act
Czech Republic: Rescue procedures in insolvency Czechia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon) ve znění pozdějších předpisů Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (insolvency act)
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies Act 2014 Companies Act 2014
Croatia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Croatia Rescue procedures in insolvency Stecajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o financijskom poslovanju i predstecajnoj nagodbi 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Zakon o parnicnom postupku 53/91, 89/14; Zakon o opcem upravnom postupku 47/09; Ovrsni zakon 112/12, 73/17; Zakon o osiguranju potrazivanja radnika u slucaju stecaja poslodavca 86/08, 82/15; Zakon o trgovackim drustvima 111/93, 40/19; Zakon o obveznim odnosima 35/05, 29/18; Zakon o postupku izvanredne uprave u trgovačkim društvima od sistemskog značaja za Republiku Hrvatsku 32/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on Financial Operations and Pre-Bankruptcy Settlement 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Civil Procedure Act 53/91, 89/14; General Administrative Procedure Act 47/09; Enforcement Act 112/12, 73/17; Act on Ensuring Employees’ Claims in Case of Bankruptcy of the Employer 86/08, 82/15; Companies Act 111/93, 40/19; Civil Obligations Act 35/05, 29/18; Law on the Executive Administration Procedure in Companies of Systemic Importance for the Republic of Croatia 32/17
France: Rescue procedures in insolvency France Rescue procedures in insolvency Sauvegarde des entreprises , Code Du Commerce Companies' rescues law, Commercial Code
Malta: Rescue procedures in insolvency Malta Rescue procedures in insolvency Att dwar il-Kumpanniji Companies Act
Denmark: Rescue procedures in insolvency Denmark Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkursloven LBK nr 11 af 06/01/2014 Bankruptcy Act (Consolidation Act no. 11 of 06/01/2014)
Luxembourg: Rescue procedures in insolvency Luxembourg Rescue procedures in insolvency Alternatives à la faillite - Code du Commerce Alternative to bankrupcy - Commercial code
Slovakia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Slovakia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zákon č. 7/2005 Z.z. o konkurze a reštrukturalizácii a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov Act No. 7/2005 Coll. on bankruptcy and restructuring and on changes and supplements to some laws
Slovenia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Slovenia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zakon o finančnem poslovanju, postopkih zaradi insolventnosti in prisilnem prenehanju (ZFPPIPP) Financial Operations, Insolvency Proceedings and Compulsory Winding-up Act (ZFPPIPP)
Finland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Finland Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkurssilaki (120/2004); Laki yrityksen saneerauksesta (47/1993); Laki yksityishenkilön velkajärjestelystä (57/1993) Bankruptcy Act (120/2004); Restructuring of Enterprises Act (47/1993); Act on the Adjustment of the Debts of a Private Individual (57/1993)
Netherlands: Rescue procedures in insolvency Netherlands Rescue procedures in insolvency Faillissementswet; Wet Continuiteit Ondernemingen I Bankruptcy act; Continuity of enterprises act I
Sweden: Rescue procedures in insolvency Sweden Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkurslag (1987:672); Lag (1996:764) om företagsrekonstruktion Bankruptcy Act (1987:672); Company Reorganisation Act (1996:764)
Estonia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Estonia Rescue procedures in insolvency Saneerimisseadus Reorganisation Act
Lithuania: Rescue procedures in insolvency Lithuania Rescue procedures in insolvency Lietuvos Respublikos įmonių restruktūrizavimo įstatymas The Law on Restructuring of Enterprises of Lithuania
Norway: Rescue procedures in insolvency Norway Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkursloven; Dekningsloven Bankruptcy Act; Debt Recovery Act