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Living and working in Europe 2019

Annual report
Δημοσιευμένο
8 Ιούνιος 2020
pdf
Μορφότυποι
  • Download full reportPDF
Συντάκτης (συντάκτες): 
Burke, Helen

Περίληψη

Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2019 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2019. The range of topics as a result is broad, from the growing diversity of employment acRead more

Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2019 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2019. The range of topics as a result is broad, from the growing diversity of employment across EU regions to rising trust in national institutions to developments in minimum wages. This overview also describes how Eurofound's activities connect with the policy priorities of the European Commission. The yearbook is accompanied by the Consolidated annual activity report 2019, which is the Agency’s formal reporting on operations, staff and budgets – see Related content.

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Μορφότυποι

  • Download full reportPDF
  • Full report

    Αριθμός σελίδων: 
    72
    Αριθμός αναφοράς: 
    EF20003
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2070-5
    Αριθμός καταλόγου: 
    TJ-AM-20-001-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/503351
    Catalogue info

    Living and working in Europe 2019

    Συντάκτης (συντάκτες): 
    Burke, Helen

    Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2019 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2019. The range of topics as a result is broad, from the growing diversity of employment across EU regions to rising trust in national institutions to developments in minimum wages.

    Available formats

    • Download full reportPDF
    Βιβλιογραφική παραπομπή στην παρούσα δημοσίευση: 

    Eurofound (2020), Living and working in Europe 2019, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Tables and graphs

    Tables

    • Table 1: Five common types of platform work
    • Table 2: Countries with declining performance on six dimensions of working conditions
    • Table 3: Countries with declining performance on Prospects dimension
    • Table 4: Gender differences in exposure to job demands and access to resources
    • Table 5: Approaches to minimum wage-setting in Member States and the UK
    • Table 6: Classification of Member States and the UK by school system
    • Table 7: Difficulties faced by service providers
    • Table 8: Target groups with problems accessing services
    • Table 9: Well-being of older people compared by household type

    Graphs

    • Figure 1: Announced job losses and gains, EU27 and the UK, 2008–2018
    • Figure 2: Announced job losses and gains in sectors (in thousands), EU27 and the UK, 2018
    • Figure 3: Announced job losses and gains, by NUTS 2 region, EU27 and the UK, 2018
    • Figure 4: Convergence patterns in the employment rate at national and regional levels, EU27 and the UK, 2004–2016
    • Figure 5: Employment structures across region types (%), EU27 and the UK, 2002 and 2017
    • Figure 6: Polarisation and upgrading in regions compared to average in nine countries, 2002
    • Figure 7: Polarisation and upgrading in regions compared to average in nine countries, 2017
    • Figure 8: Average life satisfaction in capital cities of Member States and the UK compared with the rest of the country, 2016
    • Figure 9: Contribution of different factors to low resilience
    • Figure 10: Proportion of people experiencing housing insecurity in Member States and UK capital cities compared to the rest of the country (%), 2016
    • Figure 11: Transition rate (%) from temporary to permanent employment in four Member States
    • Figure 12: Transition rate (%) from temporary employment to unemployment in four Member States
    • Figure 13: Transition rate (%) from unemployment to employment in four Member States
    • Figure 14: Convergence patterns in the subdimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 15: Job demands and resources by employment contract
    • Figure 16: Job demands, job resources and health outcomes by job insecurity
    • Figure 17: Links between demands and regularity and predictability of working time
    • Figure 18: Links between resources and regularity and predictability of working time
    • Figure 19: Links between health outcomes and regularity and predictability of working time
    • Figure 20: Nominal and real increases in statutory minimum wages (%), Member States and the UK, 2018–2019
    • Figure 21: Distance from the lowest and median minimum wages to the highest minimum wage in the EU and the UK (%), 2010–2019
    • Figure 22: Percentage difference in gross and net minimum wage, Member States and the UK, 2018–2019
    • Figure 23: Ratings on trust in institutions, EU27 and the UK, 2007, 2011 and 2016
    • Figure 24: Effect of various individual and macro-level factors on trust in institutions
    • Figure 25: How three sources of insecurity relate to level of trust in institutions
    • Figure 26: Scores on trust in institutions by level of old-age income insecurity and perceived quality of pension system
    • Figure 27: High and low educational attainment (%), Member States and the UK, 2018
    • Figure 28: Member States and the UK ranked by scores on advanced skills and development (%)
    • Figure 29: Average scores of Member States on quality of the education system
    • Figure 30: Ratings of young people on a social exclusion index, Member States and the UK, 2011 and 2016
    • Figure 31: Proportion of young people at risk of depression (%), Member States and the UK, 2016
    • Figure 32: Proportion of young people at risk of depression by income quartile (%), EU27 and the UK, 2016
    • Figure 33: Proportion of people reporting poor health (%), by age group and household type, EU27 and the UK, 2016
    • Figure 34: Well-being and satisfaction scores, by household type, EU27 and the UK, 2016

     

Η έρευνα που διεξήχθη πριν από την αποχώρηση του Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου από την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση στις 31 Ιανουαρίου 2020 και δημοσιεύθηκε στη συνέχεια, μπορεί να περιλαμβάνει δεδομένα που αφορούν τα 28 κράτη μέλη της ΕΕ. Μετά την ημερομηνία αυτή, η έρευνα λαμβάνει υπόψη μόνο τα 27 κράτη μέλη της ΕΕ (ΕΕ28 πλην του Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου), εκτός εάν ορίζεται διαφορετικά.


Η παρούσα έκθεση παρουσιάζει τα πορίσματα έρευνας που διεξήχθη πριν από την έξαρση της πανδημίας του COVID-19 στην Ευρώπη τον Φεβρουάριο του 2020. Ως εκ τούτου, τα πορίσματά της δεν λαμβάνουν υπόψη την έξαρση της πανδημίας.

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