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  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In March 1997, the US, British, Canadian, French, Belgian and Dutch Allied
    Forces stationed in Germany employed around 30,000 civilian employees. Due to
    the end of the cold war and the resulting closure of bases and reduction of
    troops by the Allied Forces, civilian employment fell from 105,000 in 1985 to
    75,000 in 1991 to 31,000 in 1996. Civilian employees typically work in jobs
    such as office staff, transport and storage staff, mechanics, security staff,
    firefighters, technicians, electricians, cleaners and caterers.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    On 20 June 1997 the management of one of Germany's leading chemical
    companies, Bayer AG, and the company works council [1] (Gesamtbetriebsrat) -
    politically supported by the chemical workers' union, IG
    Chemie-Papier-Keramik- signed a new works agreement [2] to save production
    sites and employment in Germany. The central aim of the agreement is to
    guarantee production at the five German Bayer plants in Leverkusen, Dormagen,
    Uerdingen, Elberfeld and Brunsbüttel.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/company-works-council-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    The new and amended Work Environment Act adopted on 30 May 1997 has
    infuriated theDanish Employers' Confederation (DA). The DA had criticised the
    Minister of Labour,Jytte Andersen during the preparatory process (DK9705111N
    [1]), accusing her of ignoring the views of the social partners and attacking
    the perceived hastiness of the process. It stated that: "Ms Andersen's
    solitary approach will unavoidably create problems for tripartite
    cooperation, which so far has been the modus operandi of the health and
    safety system in Denmark". TheDanish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) is in
    agreement with the DA, stating that the process has been contrary to past
    practice and characterised by secretiveness. Normally the Minister would
    establish a tripartite committee, which would then propose action.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/disagreement-on-proposed-new-danish-work-environment-act

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    The multinational industrial diamond manufacturer, De Beers, is planning a
    major restructuring programme at its Shannon plant, which will involve an
    overhaul of its reward and grading systems, as well as some recruitment and a
    number of redeployments and voluntary redundancies. The key changes,
    announced to employees at the end of April 1997, involve the proposed
    introduction of a performance-based pay system and the establishment of a new
    lower entry rate of pay. There would be an element of "red circling" for
    existing employees at the top of their scales, which would remain unchanged
    apart from the application of nationally agreed pay rises.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In June 1997, André Flahaut, the minister for civil service affairs,
    proposed a number of measures which constitute a new statute for about
    100,000 federal civil servants. The cabinet accepted his proposals, which
    will become operational on 1 January 1998. The most important changes are to
    be found in recruitment, appraisal and disciplinary procedures for public
    servants and new measures to increase mobility within the civil service.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In May 1997, the Dutch trade union Industriebond FNV demanded a halt to
    demolition work by a Chinese company on two blast furnaces in the
    Netherlands, in a case which has highlighted concerns about working and
    employment conditions in complex transnational assembly and demolition
    operations.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    A year after the collapse of the tripartite "corporatist" attempt to
    revitalise the entire German economy (DE9702202F [1]), government, business
    and trade unions have succeeded in forging an alliance to boost economic
    growth, productivity and employment in eastern Germany.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/bargaining-in-1996-from-the-employment-alliance-to-the-sick-pay-dispute

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    Following a proposal by the Finnish Ministry of Labour, the Council of State
    has appointed a committee, due to report by October 1997, with the task of
    evaluating the need to reform the Employment Contracts Act. The committee is
    to take into account developments that have taken place in society, working
    life, industry and commerce and legislation. During the course of its work,
    the committee will consider the status of different forms of employment, as
    well as the relations between employment and social and tax legislation. It
    will also assess developments that have taken place in collective bargaining,
    employment protection, equal pay and treatment, the increasing international
    dimensions of employment, and the need to promote job creation.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    From 31 May to 1 June 1997, Copenhagen was the venue for an international
    conference, known as the "Global Labour Summit". The event was attended by
    780 people representing more than 50 countries, 15 international trade union
    organisations, 115 national trade unions, the World Bank, the International
    Labour Organisation, 50 different Danish national organisations, ministries,
    universities and a few embassies. The summit was arranged by theGeneral
    Workers Union in Denmark (SiD) in connection with its 100th anniversary. SiD
    is the second largest confederation of trade unions in Denmark, representing
    some 326,000 employees, of whom the vast majority are unskilled workers.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    An April 1997 Government directive regulating the Portuguese fishing sector
    has unleashed major protests by ship-owners and fishing workers, although for
    different reasons. The trade unions are trying both to protect fish stocks
    and to defend living conditions. The central problem is that, as a
    consequence of collective bargaining in the sector, wages and other income
    depend directly on the amount of fish caught. In addition, under an agreement
    between Portugal and Spain signed in 1985, the Spanish fleet can still fish
    without restrictions in Portuguese waters.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications

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