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  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    The high priority currently given to budget consolidation has been translated
    by the Austrian Government into, among other measures, a need to limit
    increases in civil service costs - currently ATS 215 billion per year - to no
    more than 1.3% annually. The Government is trying to achieve this aim by
    reducing the number of civil service employees, keeping salary increases
    moderate in real terms, and reducing pensions.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    The Norwegian labour market parties have, during spring 1997, been commenting
    on the proposed principles for a revision of the Labour Dispute Act. The
    committee which reviewed the Act proposed a strengthening of the
    confederations' position with regard to collective bargaining. Although the
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and the Confederation of
    Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO) basically support the proposal, there
    is significant opposition to it, particularly from several employee
    organisations.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    The eradication of bullying at school has long been an important aim, and
    even though it still occurs, there is a genuine wish to stamp it out.
    However, relatively few people are aware of the seriousness of bullying
    within the workplace. Surveys have been highlighting this point for a long
    time - the table below provides some recent examples - but now at last it
    seems that the social partners are beginning to realise the hidden costs of
    bullying, and attempting to wipe it out.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    On 3 March 1997, the Hanover regional branch of the metalworkers' trade union
    Industriegewerkschaft Metall (IG Metall) and the management of PPS Personal-,
    Produktions- und Servicegesellschaft mbH, Salzgitter, concluded a company
    agreement on partial retirement - the first such agreement in the
    metalworking industry. Negotiations between IG Metall and the metalworking
    employers' association Gesamtverband der metallindustriellen
    Arbeitgeberverbände (Gesamtmetall), first about industry-wide and later
    about regional collective agreements on partial retirement, reached an
    impasse in June 1997. Although the agreement at PPS was signed in March,
    reliable information has only recently been publicised.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    After the publication of the reports on EMU by the expert working party
    commissioned by the Government and by the economists in the incomes policy
    assessment committee, the labour market organisations issued a statement on
    the impact of EMU on the Finnish labour market on 22 May 1997 (FI9705115N
    [1]). The most influential advocate of EMU is the President of Finland,
    Martti Ahtisaari who presented his views on the benefits of EMU for Finland
    in his speech at the 90th anniversary meeting of the Central Organisation of
    Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) on 24 May 1997.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/two-reports-published-on-the-industrial-relations-implications-of-emu-in-finland

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    After several months of negotiations involving various local and central
    government agencies, a long struggle for jobs at Grundig came to an end in
    May 1997. In a region where workers reject job mobility, the only remaining
    recourse is the courts and political channels. Dialogue between the board of
    directors and workers' representatives has proved unsuccessful.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    In Austria's "pay-as-you-go" pensions system, 22.75% of an individual's
    monthly wage cost goes to pension insurance. There is a cap at a certain
    monthly income - currently ATS 41,400 - which is raised annually. The gap
    between contributions and benefits is covered from the federal budget. In
    1996, ATS 30,000 million had to be covered by the budget in the employees'
    scheme, which has 1.5 million pensioners, and ATS 25,500 million in the
    self-employment and agricultural schemes, which has 345,000 pensioners. The
    overall contribution from the federal budget is forecast to rise from ATS
    55,500 million in 1996 to over ATS 80,000 million by the year 2001. In its
    recently-announced budget plans, the Government is aiming to save ATS 16,000
    million in contributions to the national pension insurance schemes over the
    two years 1998 and 1999.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    One of the first acts by the new French Prime Minister following his election
    in June 1997 was to consult with employers and unions prior to announcing his
    legislative programme. This move was greeted favourably by both employers and
    trade unions, though their aims are quite different. A national conference on
    pay, employment and working time is to be held in the autumn.

  • Article
    27 Ιούνιος 1997

    New figures presented in the revised national Budget in May 1997 show that
    employment in Norway has increased faster than earlier estimates predicted,
    and that unemployment is continuously decreasing. Growth in prices and wages
    is expected to be moderate for both 1997 and 1998.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications