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  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 8 and 9 April 1997 the Confederation of German Trade Unions (Deutscher
    Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) invited representatives from the trade unions,
    employers associations and main political parties to an "Employment summit".
    Just one year after the failure of the "Employment Alliance" (DE9702202F
    [1]), DGB aimed to renew the debate among the social partners and politicians
    on how to create new employment in Germany. In January 1996 the social
    partners and the Government had signed a joint statement in which all parties
    agreed on the central aim of halving unemployment by 2000. Since then,
    unemployment figures have not improved at all. On the contrary, in March 1997
    nearly 4.5 million people were officially registered as unemployed - the
    highest March figure since 1945.


  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 17 April 1997, the Spanish Parliament endorsed the new convergence
    programme released by the Government, the /1997-2000 Stability Plan/.
    Employers and unions have expressed certain doubts about this programme: the
    employers' associations consider that it is feasible, but do not rule out the
    possibility that a severer adjustment will be necessary than expected; the
    trade unions suspect that the programme may involve cuts in social
    expenditure and have expressed their disagreement with the privatisation plan
    that accompanies it.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 15 April 1997, the Almega Industrial and Chemical Association and the
    Industrial Union concluded a new collective agreement on wages and general
    terms and conditions of employment for blue-collar workers in the
    pharmaceutical, rubber, plastic and paint industries. It runs from 1 June
    1997 to 30 April 1998.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    For the first time in many years, six trade unions in the Paris region have
    decided to take part in a single demonstration for Labour Day, 1997,
    protesting against racism and xenophobia.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 22 April 1997, the management board at Ford Germany and the company works
    council (Gesamtbetriebsrat) signed a new works agreement to secure
    investment. In the agreement, Ford management promises new investments at the
    five German Ford plants at Cologne, Düren, Berlin, Wülfrath and Saarlouis.
    Although the exact figures have not been published it is estimated that
    investments will total about DEM 10 billion in the next few years.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    After 10 months of discussions and three months of intense negotiations, in
    April 1997 the main trade unions and employers' associations in Spain for the
    first time reached an agreement on labour market reform. This is a bipartite
    agreement which reduces the cost of dismissal and attempts to promote secure
    employment. The Government is likely to introduce legislation to support the

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    A new pay award announced in April by the Agricultural Wages Board (AWB) for
    England and Wales after two days of talks, gives farm workers a minimum wage
    of GBP 4.12 per hour. The AWB is the only wages council - setting statutory
    minimum pay rates for a particular sector - left in the UK after the rest
    were abolished in 1993 (UK9703112F [1]). When the Conservative Government was
    originally looking at abolishing the wages councils in 1986, the proposal was
    delayed because employers were not in favour of them being abolished, as they
    at least set some minimum floor of standards with which employers could work.
    The case for this was made most strongly by agricultural employers, and this
    was why the AWB was left in place after 1993.


  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 6 April 1997, the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and the
    Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO) agreed on a proposal
    for an agreement which they could recommend to their members in this year's
    bargaining round. LO won acceptance for its demands on the extension of the
    voluntary early retirement scheme, while the pay increases agreed centrally
    may be described as moderate.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    The President of the French Republic's decision to dissolve the National
    Assembly and to call early legislative elections in May-June 1997 has
    prompted numerous reactions from the unions, which fear the beginning of a
    shift towards liberal economic policies.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications