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  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    On 5 March 1997, the Italian Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, informed the
    political parties and social partners about the report drawn up by the
    "Commission for macroeconomic compatibility of social expenditure", a
    committee of experts established by the Government and chaired by Professor
    Paolo Onofri. The proposals for reform deal with all the key elements of
    public spending: healthcare, public assistance, and, of particular interest
    for the industrial relations system, pensions and labour market policies.
    This document drew critical reactions from the trade union confederations,
    while the evaluation from the Confindustria employers' confederation was
    fairly positive.

  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    On 3 March 1997 the UK's second largest general trade union, GMB, and the
    German chemical workers' union IG Chemie-Papier-Keramik signed a unique
    agreement on joint union membership. The agreement offers members of both
    organisations, when working in each other's countries, the same support and
    advice enjoyed by their own members.

  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    On 18 March 1997, eight trade unions and 12 employers' organisations in
    industry concluded an agreement on cooperation and the regulation of pay. Its
    aim is to promote growth, profitability and competitiveness in industry. As
    such, claim the parties, it will provide the necessary prerequisite for a
    reduction of unemployment and form the basis for improvements in pay and good
    working conditions.

  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    Stockauto, a vehicle storage and distribution firm, has signed a collective
    agreement on some of the most controversial issues in the current debate on
    reform of the Spanish labour market: the creation of secure employment, the
    definition of the objective reasons for dismissal and the search for
    procedures to make working time more flexible

  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    The Institute of Management's recent survey of their male and female members
    (A question of balance? A survey of managers' changing professional and
    personal values", K Charlesworth, Institute of Management, London, (1997))
    reports 52% of men as saying that their style is participative (compared with
    60% of women respondents) with the same proportion of men and women (30%)
    claiming to have a consensual approach. Their employing organisations seem to
    have taken less notice of the Institute: only 15% of respondents described
    their company culture as participative.

  • Article
    27 Μάρτιος 1997

    On 18 March, the Government submitted a reform package to Parliament
    addressing five civil service issues, among them the implementation of EC
    Directive on working time (93/104/EC) in the civil service and more flexible
    working time rules. Here we focus on the latter point. The new regulations
    are expected to be voted on by Parliament in time to take effect on 1 June
    1997.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The executive committee (sekretariatet) of the Norwegian Confederation of
    Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, or LO), the largest union
    confederation in Norway, has recommended a programme of action containing a
    set of policy principles for the period 1997-2001. The programme encompasses
    a wide variety of social and economic issues and is to be adopted at the
    confederation's congress on 10-16 May 1997 after a plenary debate.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    Compared to many other western industrialised countries, Germany has the
    image of being a high-wage economy with a relatively low inequality of
    incomes and living standards. This is mainly the result of the German system
    of branch-level central collective bargaining (Flächentarifvertrag), where
    almost all employees in any sector receive the same basic payment.
    Nevertheless, it is not widely known that there is still a large number of
    sectors and areas of employment where collectively-agreed basic wages and
    salaries are relatively low. This is the main finding of a recent study by
    the Institute for Economics and Social Science (Wirtschafts- und
    Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut,WSI) on low wages in Germany
    ("Niedriglöhne. Die unbekannte Realität: Armut trotz Arbeit", Gerd Pohl &
    Claus Schäfer (eds), VSA-Verlag Hamburg (1996)). The study was inspired by
    the European Commission which, in 1993, adopted an Opinion on an equitable
    wage, the main purpose of which was "to outline certain basic principles on
    equitable wages, while taking into account social and economic realities".

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    With the aim of abolishing "irregular" employment in the civil service, the
    Portuguese Government is planning to integrate into its permanent staff lists
    those workers who are currently on fixed-term and other forms of precarious
    contract.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications