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  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    In its bill, presented to Parliament on 15 April 1997, the Government states
    that the policy of austerity which has been in operation for last few years
    has been so successful that it is now possible to focus more on its most
    important goal - to halve the rate of unemployment to 4% before 2000.

  • CAR
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    /The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
    is currently conducting a major research project on Equal opportunities and
    collective bargaining in Europe, co-funded by DG V of the European
    Commission. The aim is to assist in the complicated task of promoting equal
    opportunities for women and men by means of collective bargaining. The
    continuing project has at present reached the stage where the issues have
    been defined, and national reports drawn up by a network of correspondents,
    exploring the context of the issue in each of the 15 EU member states. A
    consolidated report on stage one of the project has been prepared by Yota
    Kravaritou of the European University Institute. /

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    After the Brussels Industrial tribunal (BE9704208N [1]), on 4 April it was a
    French court's turn to find Renault's management guilty of disobeying the law
    in a ruling which could well postpone the closure of the Vilvorde plant.


  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    Just one week after the German social partners and Government found a
    compromise on the future development of the German mining industry
    (DE9703104F [1]) the Ruhr region (one of Germany's oldest industrial areas)
    was again the focus of social conflict. On 18 March 1997 the second-largest
    German steel producer, Krupp-Hoesch, announced plans for a hostile takeover
    of its main competitor, Thyssen. Krupp-Hoesch made an offer to the Thyssen
    shareholders to buy their shares for DEM 435 each, which was about 25% higher
    than the current quotation on the German stock exchange. The president of
    Krupp-Hoesch, Gerhard Cromme, stated that the acquisition of Thyssen would
    create a lot of synergy effects, and could help to improve the international
    competitiveness of the German steel industry.


  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    Government plans to amend Finnish legislation to bring it into line with EU
    equality law have recently proved controversial with the Finnish
    Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK). Following negotiations, further
    discussion of the issue has been postponed to autumn 1997.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 17 April 1997, the Spanish Parliament endorsed the new convergence
    programme released by the Government, the /1997-2000 Stability Plan/.
    Employers and unions have expressed certain doubts about this programme: the
    employers' associations consider that it is feasible, but do not rule out the
    possibility that a severer adjustment will be necessary than expected; the
    trade unions suspect that the programme may involve cuts in social
    expenditure and have expressed their disagreement with the privatisation plan
    that accompanies it.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    Some 25,000 blue-collar workers are covered by the agreement between the
    Employers' Association of the Swedish Wood Products Industry and the Swedish
    Wood Industry Workers' Union, reached on 4 April 1997. All employees receive
    across-the-board minimum pay increases of SEK 1 per hour. In addition, the
    local parties have SEK 0.95 an hour per worker at their disposal to allocate
    on an individual basis. The settlement represents an overall increase in pay
    of 3.1%.

  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    On 8 and 9 April 1997 the Confederation of German Trade Unions (Deutscher
    Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB) invited representatives from the trade unions,
    employers associations and main political parties to an "Employment summit".
    Just one year after the failure of the "Employment Alliance" (DE9702202F
    [1]), DGB aimed to renew the debate among the social partners and politicians
    on how to create new employment in Germany. In January 1996 the social
    partners and the Government had signed a joint statement in which all parties
    agreed on the central aim of halving unemployment by 2000. Since then,
    unemployment figures have not improved at all. On the contrary, in March 1997
    nearly 4.5 million people were officially registered as unemployed - the
    highest March figure since 1945.


  • Article
    27 Απρίλιος 1997

    After 10 months of discussions and three months of intense negotiations, in
    April 1997 the main trade unions and employers' associations in Spain for the
    first time reached an agreement on labour market reform. This is a bipartite
    agreement which reduces the cost of dismissal and attempts to promote secure
    employment. The Government is likely to introduce legislation to support the


  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications

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