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  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The immediate catalyst for the current prominence of working time in UK
    industrial relations is the failure in November 1996 of the Government's
    attempt to have the EU Directive on certain aspects of the organisation of
    working time (Council Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993) annulled by
    the European Court of Justice (ECJ). Steps are being taken to implement the
    Directive, though the present Conservative Government hopes to get the
    Directive "disapplied" if it wins the forthcoming general election. Also
    important, however, is the growing debate about the implications for the
    well-being of individuals and their families of the fact that UK's hours of
    work are long in comparison with other EU member states.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    According to a recent analysis by the Institute for Economics and Social
    Science (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI) basic wages
    and salaries in western Germany grew on average by about 2.3% in 1996. Thus,
    pay increased by about 0.8 percentage points above the inflation rate, which
    stood at 1.5% in 1996. Altogether, about 15.1 million employees were covered
    by collective agreements signed in 1996. The highest pay increases, at 2.8%,
    were in the energy and water industry and in the iron and steel industry. The
    lowest increases were in banking (1.5%), post and telecommunications (1.4%)
    and public services (1.3%).

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On 19 February, the Government presented a bill to Parliament, proposing
    modifications in the legislation concerning the granting of workers' claims
    in case of their employer's insolvency. There is no doubt that it will be
    passed by Parliament. This will then be the second time the legislation has
    been modified in order to comply with EU Council Directive 80/987/EEC on this
    subject.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On Sunday 2 February 1997, a so-called "multicoloured march for jobs" drew
    about 50,000 people from all over Belgium to the streets of Clabecq, a small
    industrial town on the borders of the provinces of Brabant and Hainaut.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The Dutch Government wants to allow employers temporary exemptions from the
    legal minimum wage [1] (WML- wettelijk minimumloon), and to that end, a bill
    was submitted to Parliament in 1996. The target group consists of long-term
    unemployed people aged between 20 and 65. The purpose of the bill is to give
    such people the prospect of qualifying for a full-time job while working. The
    definition of "long-term unemployed" is taken from an existing statutory
    regulation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/minimum-wage-4

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The end of 1996 and the first two months of 1997 were marked by a wave of
    strikes that began last November and December, upsetting the relative
    industrial calm that had existed over recent years. The strikes peaked during
    January but continued throughout February, for at least certain groups of
    employees, though by then they had begun to peter out. The strikes represent
    basically a head-on clash with the Government's policy of austerity, and
    focus primarily on discontent with the tax system and a recently-passed tax
    law. This clash also acquired a political character, since the demands of
    workers across various sectors converged and merged within the wider context
    of discontent.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The primary objectives of Partnership 2000 (P2000) are: " the continued
    development of an efficient modern economy capable of high and sustainable
    economic and employment growth and operating within the constraints of
    international competitiveness, ensuring that Irish society becomes more
    inclusive, that long-term unemployment is substantially reduced, and that the
    benefits of growth are more equally distributed. The strategy provides a
    framework within which specific issues or programmes will be developed, in
    the normal way."

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The new decree, issued on 14 January, brings Italian pensions legislation
    more into line with the rest of the EU. Presenting the decision to the press,
    the Minister of Labour, Tiziano Treu said that "1997 will be the year in
    which a real supplementary social security system will begin to be set up in
    Italy.".

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    Three independent pay review bodies were created more than 25 years ago in
    what has been described as an attempt "to remove a range of highly sensitive
    settlements from the political arena" (P Bassett, /The Times,/ 7 February
    1997). They recommended pay increases for doctors and dentists, the most
    senior grades in the armed forces, the civil service and the judiciary, and
    for the rest of the armed forces. The pay review system assumed greater
    importance when it was extended to cover nearly 500,000 nurses, midwives and
    other health service professionals in 1983 and a similar number of
    schoolteachers in England and Wales in 1992. In both cases, the creation of
    pay review bodies followed lengthy disputes and a history of repeated failure
    of the negotiating machinery to produce agreement on pay settlements without
    frequent arbitration or periodic special enquiries.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    At a special Social Dialogue Committee meeting held on 29 November 1996, the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of Industrial and
    Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), and the European Centre of
    Enterprises with Public Participation (CEEP) adopted a joint contribution to
    the /Confidence Pact for Action on Employment in Europe,/ in preparation for
    the Dublin European Council summit held in December. In their statement, the
    social partners express their deepest concern at the high level of
    unemployment which continues to prevail across the EU, and criticise what
    they perceive as a lack of coordination and implementation of a Europe-wide
    strategy to combat the problem effectively. They pronounce themselves in
    favour of Commission President Santer's proposal for a Confidence Pact, and
    see their declaration as "a committed response to his proposals on the themes
    of youth unemployment, lifelong learning, and better use of Structural Funds
    for job creation, in a macroeconomic environment conducive to growth and
    employment".

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications