Publications

Search results: 917 items found
  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    On 12 October 1999, two social and economic research institutes, namely the
    Dortmund Institute for Social Research (Sozialforschungsstelle Dortmund, SFS)
    and the Munich-based Ifo Institute for Economic Research (Ifo Institut für
    Wirtschaftsforschung) submitted reports on the effects of longer opening
    hours in the retail trade to the Federal Ministry of Labour and the Federal
    Ministry for Economy and Technology. The ministries asked for these reports
    after the federal government changed the Shop Closing Hours Act
    (Ladenschlussgesetz) in June 1996.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    Alcatel is a large French-based telecommunications technology multinational,
    which, in response to losses, has been undergoing major restructuring. As
    part of the restructuring, in January 1999, Alcatel Kabel AG, Alcatel's
    German subsidiary, tried to gain the company works council's approval for new
    works arrangements. Management believed that the changes - listed in the
    table below - would help restore profitability. Management made explicit in
    the negotiations that rejection of the plan could lead to job loses.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    In 1999, the German economy experienced a slight downturn. According to
    calculations from the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt),
    GDP rose by 1.4% in real terms in 1999, which was a smaller increase than the
    previous year (2.2%) and one of the lowest in the European Union. Growth was
    fitful throughout the 1990s, falling from a peak of 2.3% in 1994 to 0.8% in
    1996 and then rising again until 1998.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    On 2 December 1999, the president of the German Association of Chambers of
    Commerce (Deutscher Industrie und Handelstag, DIHT), Hans Peter Stihl,
    appealed in an interview with the daily newspaper /Die Welt/ for a "return to
    the 40-hour working week" which would make doing business in Germany much
    more attractive and thereby contribute to an increase in employment.
    According to Mr Stihl, collective agreements on working time should be more
    flexible so that "every establishment can determine its own weekly working
    time."

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    In October 1999, a package of company and works agreements was signed at the
    filtration and weighing products manufacturer, Sartorius AG, which is located
    in Göttingen (Lower-Saxony). The core of this package was a new company
    agreement [1] to safeguard production sites (Standortsicherungstarifvertrag),
    which was concluded by Sartorius management and the Lower-Saxony district
    organisation of the IG Metall metalworkers' union. The agreement is
    backdated, running from September 1999 until 30 August 2001.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/company-agreement-4

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    According to the provisional estimates of the Institute of National Accounts
    (lnstitut des Comptes Nationaux), Belgian GDP totalled BEF 9,064 billion (EUR
    224.7 billion) in 1998. As such, it accounted for 1% of the OECD zone's GDP
    and 3% of the European Union's GDP. In 1999, GDP increased significantly –
    by 1.7% – between the first and the second quarter of the year. GDP also
    increased by 1.7% (according to the raw data) in the second quarter, in
    comparison with the second quarter of 1998.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    In November 1998, the Belgian social partners reached an intersectoral
    agreement covering 1999-2000. The agreement consists of two parts: a global
    commitment on three basic issues (pay, employment and training) and a list of
    10 dossiers "concerning working conditions likely to contribute to social
    cohesion". In September 1999, a generally positive first evaluation of the
    implementation of the agreement's global pay, employment and training
    provisions was conducted by the National Labour Council and the Central
    Economic Council. However, some of the specific dossiers had not been dealt
    with, and the government and the social partners selected four of the
    dossiers, on which the social partners had to reach a joint position by 15
    December 1999. Should they fail to do so, the government would take the
    initiative and decide upon the matters concerned.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    In December 1998, the European Metalworkers' Federation (EMF) adopted a
    "European coordination rule" for national collective bargaining (DE9812283F
    [1]), which is by far the most developed concept in the pursuit of a
    "Europeanisation" of bargaining (TN9907201S [2]). EMF's model of fostering
    coordination, which has also involved the conclusion of a Charter on Working
    Time ,is often cited as a significant step in exploring the possibilities of
    a more integrated Europe-wide bargaining policy. This article investigates
    the extent to which the Belgian metalworking industry - known as the
    FABRIMETAL sector, after the industry's employers' association - complies
    with the core elements of the EMF coordination approach, examining (1)
    whether the outcomes in terms of pay increases are in keeping with the EMF
    wage policy and (2) the relationship of the EMF Charter on Working Time with
    the Belgian situation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/european-metalworkers-federation-adopts-european-coordination-rule-for-national-bargaining
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/the-europeanisation-of-collective-bargaining

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    Verlipack, a Belgian concern specialising in hollow glassware, which had been
    in deep financial trouble for almost two years, filed for bankruptcy for its
    three sites (Ghlin and Jumet in Wallonia, Mol in Flanders) in January 1999.
    After many twists and turns, the glass manufacturer had been taken over by
    the German group Heye Glass. However, as the competent federal authorities -
    the Walloon and the Flemish Region - had also acquired a stake in the
    company's equity, the destiny of the Flemish site was decided separately from
    that of the Walloon ones. Despite initiatives by the trade unions and the
    Flemish and Walloon governments, the guardian appointed by the Commercial
    Courts was ultimately unable to identify a credible rescuer.

  • Article
    27 Δεκέμβριος 1999

    Austria experienced strong economic growth throughout the 1990s, with an
    annual average increase in GDP of nearly 2.5%. However, 1999 saw a slight
    decline of the growth rate, with the annual increase estimated to average
    2.2%. In 2000, economic growth is expected to accelerate to 2.8%.