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  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    Three independent pay review bodies were created more than 25 years ago in
    what has been described as an attempt "to remove a range of highly sensitive
    settlements from the political arena" (P Bassett, /The Times,/ 7 February
    1997). They recommended pay increases for doctors and dentists, the most
    senior grades in the armed forces, the civil service and the judiciary, and
    for the rest of the armed forces. The pay review system assumed greater
    importance when it was extended to cover nearly 500,000 nurses, midwives and
    other health service professionals in 1983 and a similar number of
    schoolteachers in England and Wales in 1992. In both cases, the creation of
    pay review bodies followed lengthy disputes and a history of repeated failure
    of the negotiating machinery to produce agreement on pay settlements without
    frequent arbitration or periodic special enquiries.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On 29 January 1997, Tele Danmark informed its employees of its decision to
    reduce staff by 2,500 and take on 500 new employees. The decision, which was
    due to come into effect by mid-1998, is part of an efficiency plan, which
    will cut annual costs by DKK 600 million and implement major organisational
    changes.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The second part of the two-year National General Collective Agreement 1996-7
    (EGSSE) came into force at the beginning of 1997. The principal purpose of
    the EGSSE is to set minimum pay levels, which have a two-fold significance:
    providing a framework for the social protection of unskilled workers and
    acting as a guideline for negotiations at more specific levels - enterprise,
    industry-wide or occupational. Whatever is agreed at the level of the EGSEE
    covers, without exception, the whole of the private sector, as well as the
    broader public sector (public administration is excluded). The wages of
    public servants have until now been determined by the Government, but this
    will have to change following Greece's ratification of International Labour
    Organisation Conventions Nos. 151 and 154, which consolidate the right of
    public servants to collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    Nurses had threatened industrial action on 10 February 1997 in pursuit of a
    claim for a major overhaul in their pay structures and an improved early
    retirement scheme. However, the action was called off when the nurses
    accepted an IEP 85 million formula drawn up by the Labour Court, which
    includes the creation of a commission which will examine a range of issues
    related to the nursing profession. Four trade unions representing over 26,000
    nurses were involved in the dispute, the largest being the 16,000-strong
    Irish Nurses Organisation (INO).

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    Judging from a recent exchange of letters between a Dutch trade unions and
    the Department of Justice, it would appear that cross-border cooperation
    between unions, let alone their international merger, is beset with legal
    difficulties.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On 21 January 1997, the two French electricity and gas public utility
    companies signed an agreement with three trade unions ( the CFDT, the CFTC
    and the CFE-CGC). This agreement is designed to improve their competitiveness
    and productivity while at the same time maintaining their workforce at
    current levels. This is to be achieved mainly through the introduction of
    part-time working. Both the CGT and the CGT-FO unions are strongly critical
    of this agreement.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    The Italian Government and social partners are currently implementing their
    tripartite "Pact for Employment" (Patto per il Lavoro), which is intended to
    promote employment and foster economic development in Italy through the
    introduction of a wide and complex set of policies. The agreement, signed on
    24 September 1996, is of the utmost political importance as it falls within
    within the framework of the renened social concertation strategy that has
    been pursued over the 1990s. The Pact earmarks a total amount of about ITL
    15,000 billion for its implementation over the 1997-1999 period.

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On 18 September 1996, the European Commission adopted a /Communication
    Concerning the Development of the Social Dialogue Process at Community Level/
    (COM(96) 448 final). Launching the Communication, the commissioner
    responsible for social affairs, Padraig Flynn, said that the time had come to
    reform and adapt the social dialogue in view of the new challenges facing the
    European Union in years to come. The Commission was" aiming at a
    rationalisation of structures and an optimal allocation of the resources
    available".

  • Article
    27 Φεβρουάριος 1997

    On 6 February 1997, theSwedish Paper Workers' Union and the Employers'
    Federation of Swedish Forest Industries told the conciliators Lars-Gunnar
    Albåge and Rune Larson that they accepted their proposal for a national
    collective agreement on wages for 1997. There had been two stumbling blocks
    in the negotiations: the trade union's claim for a reduction of annual
    working time by 25 hours; and the employers' insistence on an agreement that
    would run for at least two years. The outcome is an agreement on wages only,
    that runs for one year, backdated to 1 January 1997.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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