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  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    The first of the two recently-announced mergers, which is to take effect from
    1 July 1997, is between the National and Provincial Building Society Staff
    Association (NAPSA) and the Banking, Insurance and Finance Union (BIFU). The
    National and Provincial Building Society was recently taken over by the Abbey
    National, but NAPSA members voted to become part of BIFU rather than the
    Abbey National's own staff association. Despite the strong support for BIFU
    from NAPSA members, the company has refused to recognise the union. BIFU said
    that "in the merger and conversion mania which is sweeping this country there
    is little regard for the impact on staff. They are the casualties - that's
    why it is important for unions to work together". BIFU, which has 115,000
    members, hope that this will be the first of many mergers which will ensure
    it a stronger role in the financial sector.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    One of the most significant transformations of British industrial relations
    in recent years has been the shift from national to enterprise-level
    bargaining. Multi-employer bargaining arrangements have tended to be replaced
    with multi-establishment, single employer bargaining, although there are also
    signs of decentralisation within the individual firm. Similarly, within the
    public sector (UK9702104F [1]), efforts have been made to fragment
    traditional bargaining arrangements through the introduction of "Agency"
    status and market-testing to the civil service and local authorities, and by
    further institutional decentralisation through the promotion of National
    Health Service (NHS) Trusts and local management of schools. These changes
    have occurred alongside a dramatic decline in coverage of collective
    bargaining, largely due to the decline of manufacturing employment and the
    expansion of the service sector.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/public-sector-pay-policies

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    The first annual review of the social dialogue process at the European Union
    level was adopted by the Commission on 6 May 1997. The review characterises
    1996 as "a particularly fruitful and productive year" for the social dialogue
    at European level. Despite this overall positive assessment, the review
    highlights the fact that, despite endeavours towards the establishment of a
    dialogue between the social partners, and in some cases, negotiation, this
    represents only the background of a European-scale industrial relations
    systems which is yet to take shape.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    An agreement on resolving labour disputes out of court was signed in January
    1996 by Spain's largest unions (UGT and CC.OO) and employers' associations
    (CEOE and CEPYME), covering the period until 31 December 2000. The agreement
    built on the experience in mediation and arbitration at a regional level that
    had grown on the basis of joint quasi-judicial institutions formed in the
    1990s. We review the complex system which now applies in this area.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Employment yielding less than ATS 3,740 gross per month or less than ATS 859
    per week or ATS 288 per day, is defined as "minor". Below this threshold,
    neither employee nor employer has to contribute to the national pension or
    health or unemployment insurance. Only national accident insurance has to be
    paid. Minor employment therefore does not earn an entitlement to unemployment
    benefits, maternity benefits, a pension, or medical coverage. On the other
    hand, because of the lower cost, minor employment may be an incentive for
    employers to hire.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    The publication of an assessment commissioned by the National Assembly's
    Finance Commission, and the campaign for the May/June 1997 general election,
    have reopened the debate in France on the content and efficiency of the
    Robien law, which seeks to encourage working time reductions and
    reorganisation to create or save jobs. Politicians, economists, employers and
    unions remain divided whilst the number of collective agreements at company
    level based on the law is increasing.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Non-wage labour costs are those categories of the enterprise's total labour
    costs comprising other than direct compensation. Today, non-wage labour costs
    account for a very substantial and rising proportion of total labour costs.
    Since increasing labour costs tend to encourage substitution away from labour
    to more capital-intensive methods of production, rising non-wage labour costs
    are an impediment to job creation. Furthermore, some non-wage labour costs -
    such as social security contributions - drive a wedge between the labour
    costs that companies pay and the money that workers receive, thus making
    collective bargaining more difficult. Via unit labour costs - nominal labour
    costs divided by real value added - non-wage labour costs are likely to have
    some effect on companies' location decisions.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    A frequently repeated statement in discussion on industrial relations is that
    temporary employment will be much more common in the future. This assumption
    is refuted in a recent report from the National Labour Market Board
    (Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen,AMS).

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    May 1997 saw Unilever defending its pro-European stance to shareholders,
    while the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) was also signalling its
    willingness to work with the trade unions prior to the adoption of European
    Union legislation.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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