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  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    In its recently published opinion on the conclusion of the Intergovernmental
    Conference (IGC), the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of
    Europe (UNICE) underlines the need for the negotiating parties to "place a
    strengthening of Europe's competitiveness at the heart of the (new) Treaty,
    since promotion of competitiveness is the sine qua non to increase
    employment". The promotion of employment can, according to UNICE, never be
    treated in isolation. While European employers have repeatedly pronounced
    themselves in favour of the Essen employment strategy, they are keen to
    underline that responsibility for employment policy must continue to lie
    primarily with the member states.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary
    of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works
    agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so
    employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Part-time work is an expression of the flexible organisation of working time.
    Although it is often quoted as a "new" form of employment, its practice has a
    long history in Greece. However, its legal framework has been moulded by the
    special provisions of the so-called Law on Development of 1990 (Law
    1892/1990, articles 37-9), which regulated for the first time the rights of
    workers employed on part-time contracts.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    After 10 days of boycotts and two hours of strike action among the cleaners
    in the LKAB mine in northern Sweden, the Business Services Associations on
    the one hand and the Building Maintenance Workers' Union and the Union of
    Service and Communication on the other, accepted a draft collective agreement
    on wages from the mediators on 16 May 1997. The agreement covers 25,000
    employees in 600 companies. It means that the average monthly salary will be
    raised by SEK 370.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Over 1995-7, certain collective agreements in Spain have allowed employers to
    recruit workers at lower wages than workers in the same job grade who are
    already employed by the firm (the "dual pay scale"). Companies' objectives in
    reducing labour costs and workers' objectives in creating employment seem to
    be threatening the principles of solidarity and equality that have
    traditionally been maintained by the unions.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    The negotiating teams representing the Union of Industrial and Employers'
    Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Trade Union Confederation
    (ETUC) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and
    of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) reached a draft framework
    agreement on part-time work in the evening of 14 May 1997.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Luxembourg's Economic and Social Council has recently responded to a
    government request for its opinion, with a view to reforming the Law of 12
    June 1965 relating to collective agreements and of the Grand-Ducal Order of 6
    October 1945 dealing with the National Conciliation Office (Office National
    de Conciliation).

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    Strikes in the Port of Rotterdam in the early months of 1997 demonstrate once
    again its distinctive position in the Dutch system of industrial relations.
    The ongoing process of reorganisation in the mixed-cargo sector, which has a
    long tradition of trade unionism, is responsible for regular labour disputes
    in the form of court action and both organised and wildcat strikes .

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    On 22 May 1997, a new employment alliance for eastern Germany was concluded
    between the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union Federation
    (DGB), the German Salaried Employees' Union (DAG), the Confederation of
    German Employers' Associations (BDA), the Confederation of German Industries
    (BDI), the German Association of Chambers of Commerce (DIHT), the Central
    Association of German Crafts (ZDH) and the Associations of the Credit
    Institutions (Kreditgewerbe). Its primary objectives are to: speed up the
    transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth; reduce
    unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996; and
    create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.

  • Article
    27 Μάιος 1997

    On 13 January 1997, an agreement was signed on the introduction of new shop
    opening hours. Since 1990 shops have been allowed to open on a 24-hours a day
    basis in the wake of legislation to deregulate shop opening hours (article
    42, Law 1892/1990) in line with the then Conservative Government's policies
    on liberalisation. In late 1996, a number of businesses - members of the
    employers' organisation, SELPE- proceeded to introduce later working hours on
    Saturdays in Athens and its outer suburbs. In parallel, they took joint
    action with other bodies (including the Athens municipal authority and the
    Chamber of Commerce and Industry) to try to introduce Sunday shop opening. In
    response, the unions announced that they would fight this initiative and that
    they would demand amendments to Law 1892/1990.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications