Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
This project was conducted by means of five case studies, and an online survey and interviews with experts from companies, research institutions and public authorities. The survey and interviews were vital in order to hear different opinions about changes in the financial sector resulting from the financial crisis, and the emergence of a new regulatory regime.
Generali is one of the most significant players in the global insurance market, with 60 million clients worldwide. Generali is the third-largest insurance group in Europe after Axa and Allianz. Present in 65 countries, the group is the market leader in Italy and it has significant positions in Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Switzerland and Israel. Recently, the group started to develop activities in all of the New Member States. The headquarters and back-office departments for eastern Europe are located in Vienna, and Generali is now well developed in Hungary, Romania and the Czech Republic.
Building societies are mutual organisations in the UK, which are owned by their members. The building society sector has changed considerably since the first building societies were founded in the 18th century as ‘terminating’ societies – organisations designed to be wound up once all their members had been housed. In the 19th century, permanent building societies began to spring up and by 1910 over 1,700 societies existed with more than 600,000 members and assets in excess of €89 million. The number of building societies has in recent years decreased significantly due to demutualisation and mergers. There are 51 building societies in the UK.
The three case studies presented above were conducted using published
material from companies, like annual reports, press releases and, especially,
reports of rating agencies. The companies investigated in the case studies
did not agree to site visits and interviews (for a more detailed explanation
of the methodology applied, please refer to the methodology report ).
/The recent financial crisis has brought to light the serious challenges that
the European financial services sector is facing. What are the prospects of a
viable, more resilient financial industry emerging from the crisis? To answer
this question, we need to look at the economic trends in the banking and
insurance industries and examine the results of the debate on the regulation
of financial markets. Also, a look at the business models that are applied in
the different segments of the financial sector as a response to the crisis
can help to map the future of the sector. From the present viewpoint, it
appears very probable that different approaches will compete in the near
future and there will be no clear decision about which is the superior model.
The coming years will be a period of testing at the business level as well as
at the level of public regulation./
The recent talent management survey (590Kb PDF)  carried out in the UK by
the Chartered Institute for Personnel and Development (CIPD ) focused on
‘very senior employees who are undertaking elements of organised talent
development activity’. CIPD issued questionnaires to such employees in 11
medium to large organisations from a cross-section of sectors and received
302 responses. Seventeen follow-up interviews were also conducted by CIPD.
A new report (in Spanish, 495Kb PDF)  by the 1st May Foundation
(Fundación 1° de Mayo ) of the Spanish Trade Union Confederation of
Workers’ Commissions (CCOO ), analyses the evolution of wages in Spain
between 2005 and 2010. The report examines a number of aspects including:
In his recent book, /Lavorare al tempo del cliente nel post-fordismo/
(‘Working at the customer’s pace in post-Fordism’), Giancarlo Cerruti
summarises the changes in working time arrangements at a hypermarket on the
outskirts of Turin between 1991 (three years after its opening) and 2009. The
research is based on evidence from in-depth interviews (15 in 1991 and 10 in
2008), combined with an analysis of workforce composition according to data
provided by the employer, as well as the findings of a 1991 survey among
employees which was not replicated in the 2000s.
In an analysis of wage bill change in enterprises (374Kb PDF) , the
Central Statistics Office (CSO ) examined the relative importance of three
components of reducing employment costs for companies between the third
quarter of 2008 and the third quarter of 2009: employment levels, average
working hours and average hourly earnings. It found that most labour cost
savings came through reduced headcount, followed by falling hours and then
falling average hourly earnings.
The Maltese economic and political scene tends to be highly sensitive to
developments in STMicroelectronics , a multinational company that set up a
semi-conductor facility in the country in 1981. The company is one of the
largest private sector employers in Malta, employing about 1,500 workers, and
a major contributor to gross national product.