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Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Social partners divided over government plan to raise retirement age

    In mid-October 2009, the Dutch cabinet announced that the government coalition parties had reached agreement on raising the retirement age. Although it came as a surprise that the cabinet should table such a controversial issue at a time of economic crisis, it is now definite that the government proposal will be put before the House of Representatives by the winter of 2009. The three government parties unanimously proposed raising the retirement age, with the Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid, PvdA [1]) also joining the fold. [1] http://www.pvda.nl/
  • Uncertain future of shipyards sparks controversy

    In 2005, the European Commission [1] grew impatient with the persistent public financial support channelled to Polish shipyards and initiated an investigation regarding the legality of this state aid. Subsequently, the Commission repeatedly requested the Polish government to draw up a restructuring [2] programme, without noticeable effect. The Commission made clear – from early to mid 2008 – that Poland should not hope for any extension of the imminent deadline for submission of the restructuring programme. Thus, the government twice presented such a programme, with the principal element of each version being based on privatisation of both shipyard companies in the northern city of Gdynia and the northwestern city of Szczecin. Neither of the programmes submitted, however, was positively reviewed by the European Commission. Ultimately, in November 2008, the Commission ruled that the state aid transferred to the Gdynia and Szczecin shipyards was illegal and requested that the beneficiaries repay it (*PL0807029I* [3]). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/polish-shipyards-flounder-as-eu-demands-return-of-state-aid
  • Survey examines private sector trade union coverage over 13-year period

    In Malta, virtually the whole public sector – which includes both civil service and statutory organisations, comprising about 40,600 workers (National Statistics Office (NSO), 2009) – is covered by sectoral collective agreements. However, it remained unclear to what extent the country’s private sector – which comprises some 103,055 workers, including self-employed persons (NSO, 2009) – is covered by the trade unions and how significant their presence is in an area where market forces prevail and where trade unions need to obtain recognition from private employers for collective bargaining purposes.
  • Coalition deal gets mixed reactions from social partners

    On 24 October 2009, the conservative Christian Democratic Party (Christlich Demokratische Union, CDU [1]), its Bavarian associate, the Christian Social Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU [2]), and the Liberal Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP [3]) reached an agreement (in German, 628Kb PDF) [4] to form a new coalition government in Germany. Negotiations to establish such a conservative-liberal coalition had begun shortly after the general election held on 27 September 2009 (*DE0910029I* [5]). [1] http://www.cdu.de/ [2] http://www.csu.de/partei/index.htm [3] http://www.liberale.de/ [4] http://www.cdu.de/doc/pdfc/091026-koalitionsvertrag-cducsu-fdp.pdf [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/general-election-results-fuel-debate-between-social-partners
  • Restructuring in bankruptcy: recent national case examples

    Cases of bankruptcy generally have more serious consequences for the workers who lose their jobs as a result since, unlike other cases of restructuring, the company concerned might have little or no possibility of providing support, either financial or practical. The number of bankruptcy cases has increased significantly in many countries as the global recession has deepened and spread. This report examines cases of bankruptcy over the past year in order to gain a better understanding of what they involve, the kinds of company affected, the reasons for their difficulties, the consequences for the workers concerned and the support that they receive.
  • Social dialogue, working time arrangements and work–life balance in European companies

    Working time policies, although designed within the national and sectoral framework and the boundaries of institutional regulations, are fine-tuned and implemented at the level of each company, taking account of the environment in which the company operates and the workforce it is employing. Hence, companies have placed more importance on working time organisation in recent years. In light of this, the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions launched in 2004 its first Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work–Life Balance (ESWT), covering a large array of working time arrangements such as flexible working hours, overtime, part-time work, work at unusual hours, childcare leave or other forms of long-term leave, and phased or early retirement.
  • Social dialogue and the recession

    This paper aims to give a flavour of the latest developments across Europe and inform policy makers of topical issues. It will present measures taken in response to the recession (both employment market measures and financial stimulus packages), outline the extent of social partner involvement, and the actions taken so far by the social partners. According to the European Commission, there is still room for policy learning across Member States (European Commission, 2009c p. 42). The material for this report has been gathered mainly from Eurofound’s European Industrial Relations Observatory (EIRO) and from its European restructuring monitor (ERM), and is supplemented by findings from desk research.
  • Eurofound News, Issue 10, November-December 2009

    This issue contains the following articles: Director's diary; Fighting recession, facilitating recovery; EGF - assisting laid-off workers; In brief; and Latest events and publications.
  • Role of employee participation in improving working environment

    The working environment refers to the quality of working conditions; however, the procedures for trying to develop the workplace standard should also be addressed. The working environment has been a priority area in Norway for many years, and the country has a long history of laws and regulations on employee representatives, arrangements for participation and requirements for systematic efforts in this field. A recent study examines the status of cooperation and employee participation as evaluated and reported by Norwegian workers in 2007.
  • Gender discrimination in female-dominated jobs

    The study /Gender wage gap and typically female-dominated jobs/ (Differenziale salariale di genere e lavori tipicamente femminili (1.2Mb PDF) [1]) is part of a conclusive report of a three-year project carried out by the Italian Vocational Training Development Agency (Istituto per lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale dei Lavoratori, Isfol [2]) on behalf of the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Policy (Ministero del Lavoro, della Salute e delle Politiche Sociali [3]). The report is based on the 2006 wave of the Participation, Labour, Unemployment Survey, Isfol PLUS (in Italian, 253Kb PDF) [4] (see IT0611049I [5] for details on survey methodology). It aims to quantify the discriminatory component of the gender wage gap by taking into account two biases that often occur in a gender pay gap estimation. [1] http://www.isfol.it/DocEditor/test/File/Studi_Isfol_Occupazione_n_2-09.pdf [2] http://www.isfol.it [3] http://www.lavoro.gov.it/lavoro/ [4] http://www.lavoro.gov.it/NR/rdonlyres/E17DB3D1-F278-4416-89C4-6F887BAD2644/0/069_Pluspartecipationlabour_Cap9.pdf [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/gender-pay-gap-wider-for-better-educated-women

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