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Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Work-related stress

    This report examines the issue of work-related stress in the 27 EU Member States and Norway. Studies capturing data on work-related stress in individual countries differ in terms of their scope, methodology and coverage. The main risk factors for work-related stress include heavy workload, long working hours, lack of control and autonomy at work, poor relationships with colleagues, poor support at work and the impact of organisational change. These factors can be difficult to address, especially if they have resource implications. The main outcomes (individual, organisational and societal) of work-related stress include physical and mental health problems, absence from work, reduced quality of outputs, increased welfare and medical spending, and reduced productivity. Company-level examples of best practice in stress management highlight the need for good quality data on work-related stress, a robust stress policy, the involvement of all relevant actors, good communications, and the importance of buy-in from senior management.
  • United Kingdom: 2009 Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE)

    This report outlines the findings of the ASHE 2009 survey by the UK Office for National Statistics. It first presents general pay trends in the UK, before outlining the findings on a gender, distributional, sectoral, age group, regional and occupational basis. It looks at the implications of these findings for pay developments in the context of the UK industrial relations system. The study found that the economic crisis has not yet had an adverse effect on wage levels and that a significant gender pay gap still exists in the UK.
  • Debate on the future of skilled labour

    At the end of July 2010, Rainer Bruederle, Germany’s Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, proposed in a press report (in German) [1] that companies in need of skilled labour should be allowed to offer cash premiums to foreign skilled workers as an incentive. At the end of August 2010, he presented a ministry working paper (in German) [2] on the issue and discussed it with representatives of 17 business associations. The paper suggested several lines of action. The first is to develop a suitable immigration policy, in order to recruit skilled foreign workers. The second calls for better integration of existent labour resources in Germany, for example women, older workers or people with an immigrant background. As indicated by the results of a recent company survey (in German) [3] by the German Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK [4]), every second company is already facing difficulties in filling vacant positions. [1] http://www.handelsblatt.com/newsticker/politik/bruederle-will-lockpraemie-fuer-auslaendische-fachkraefte;2627277 [2] http://www.bmwi.de/BMWi/Navigation/Presse/pressemitteilungen,did=356696.html [3] http://www.dihk.de/inhalt/informationen/news/meldungen/meldung012759.html [4] http://www.dihk.de/
  • Employment law changes take effect

    New rates for the national minimum wage (NMW) came into force and, for the first time, a minimum wage for apprentices was introduced. The NMW is now:
  • Decline of the Danish shop steward

    According to a recent study by Trine P. Larsen, Steen E. Navrbjerg and Mikkel Møller Johansen at the Employment Relations Research Centre ( FAOS [1]), University of Copenhagen, only one in two Danish workplaces have a shop steward (workplace union members’ representative [2]). The study /Shop stewards and the workplace 2010/ (Fokus på tillidsrepræsentanterne 2010 [3]) draws on a number of surveys, including one conducted among managers from 1,618 randomly selected Danish workplaces, 1,465 randomly selected employees and 7,877 union representatives. The surveys were conducted in spring 2010. The study also reveals that the share of workplaces with a shop steward is considerably lower in the private sector, where only one in three workplaces has a shop steward, although this rises to just over one in two in private sector workplaces covered by a collective agreement. In the public sector, 91% of workplaces have a shop steward. [1] http://faos.sociology.ku.dk/?lan=en [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/workplace-union-members-representative [3] http://faos.ku.dk/nyheder/fokus_paa_tillidsrepraesentanterne_2010/
  • CGTP and UGT announce joint strike against austerity measures

    On 29 September 2010, the day of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC [1]) Day of Action protesting against austerity measures, the Portuguese government announced a new package of austerity measures to be included in the proposal for the state budget for 2011 (in Portuguese) [2]. This is the third austerity package announced this year. The previous set of measures, agreed between Prime Minister José Sócrates and the leader of the opposition Social Democratic Party (PSD), Pedro Passos Coelho, was approved by the government on 26 May 2010. It came into force in June, and had already generated strong opposition from Portugal’s trade union confederations (*PT1005029I* [3]). [1] http://www.etuc.org [2] http://www.portugal.gov.pt/pt/GC18/Governo/Ministerios/MF/ProgramaseDossiers/Pages/20101015_MFAP_Doss_OE2011.aspx [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/trade-unions-oppose-new-cuts-in-unemployment-protection
  • Work accidents decline while incapacity claims for occupational diseases rise

    According to the March 2010 newsletter (in Italian, 60Kb PDF) [1] of the Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority (Inail [2]), the average number of insured workers in the health and social care sector in Italy increased by 4% between 2004 and 2008 (from over 845,000 in 2004 to over 873,000 in 2008) (Table 1). [1] http://www.inail.it/repository/ContentManagement/node/N670420288/DatiInail N5-2010.pdf [2] http://www.inail.it/
  • EMCC case studies: Upskilling in the recession – the ProAct short-time working scheme in Wales (UK)

    ProAct is a £48 million programme launched by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) in response to the economic crisis. Through social partner engagement, the Welsh Assembly Government developed and implemented the ProAct initiative in a matter of two to three months with the aim of helping businesses cope with the downturn and develop their employees’ skills. This case study assesses the effectiveness of the ProAct initiative in terms of keeping workers in employment and supporting local businesses in economically difficult times. Emphasis is given to the role of social partner engagement throughout the inception and delivery phases of the programme.
  • EMCC case studies - Short-time working in the legal sector: the Flex Programme at Norton Rose (United Kingdom)

    Norton Rose LLP, part of the Norton Rose Group, has been one of the few law firms in the UK that did not make staff redundant during the recent crisis. Instead it launched a one year ‘flex scheme’ in May 2009 that allowed the firm to either put volunteer partners and salaried staff on a four-day week for an agreed period at 85% of their normal salary, or to offer a sabbatical of between one and three months at 30% of their pay. This case study focuses on how the flex scheme was applied to staff in the UK’s London office. The aim is to assess the effectiveness of the programme in keeping staff in employment and maintaining the company’s viability in economically difficult times.
  • Unions and employers advocate competing strike law reforms

    In September 2010, the annual conference of the Trades Union Congress (TUC [1]) supported a resolution calling for changes to the law governing industrial action. This was in the light of a series of legal cases against unions for breaches of existing rules governing strikes, and particularly those concerning strike ballots. During 2009–2010, such cases have included /Metrobus v Unite/, /EDF v RMT/, /BA v Unite/ (*UK1006029I* [2]) and /Network Rail v RMT/. [1] http://www.tuc.org.uk/ [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations/long-running-dispute-between-british-airways-and-unite-union-continues

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