Employment status

11 Μάρτιος 2021

Employment status refers to the contractual aspect of employment in terms of duration and number of working hours, incorporating economic risk, the autonomy and the authority which workers have in their jobs. The main categories are employee and self-employed.Read more

Employment status refers to the contractual aspect of employment in terms of duration and number of working hours, incorporating economic risk, the autonomy and the authority which workers have in their jobs. The main categories are employee and self-employed. Employees are defined as someone who gets a salary from an employer or a temporary employment agency, with a distinction between employees with an unlimited or fixed-term contract. Self-employed persons can have employees. Across all workers a distinction can be made between those who work full-time and those who work part-time, either voluntarily or involuntarily.

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Publications & data

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The sections below provide access to a range of publications, data and ongoing work on this topic. 

  • Publications (190)
  • Ongoing work

Eurofound publications come in a variety of formats, including reports, policy briefs, blogs, articles and presentations. 

Prevalence of temporary contracts among young people

Άρθρο 29 Ιανουάριος 2012

Shifts in the job structure in Europe during the Great Recession

Publication 16 Ιανουάριος 2012

Sharp increase in flexible forms of labour

Άρθρο 29 Σεπτέμβριος 2011

Poor rewards for self-employed knowledge professionals

Άρθρο 23 Αύγουστος 2011

Survey reveals increased precariousness of female employment

Άρθρο 17 Αύγουστος 2011

Impact of subcontracting on working conditions

Άρθρο 4 Αύγουστος 2011

No improvement in stress rate of self-employed

Άρθρο 27 Ιούλιος 2011

Ethnic minorities’ jobs hardest hit by crisis

Άρθρο 10 Ιούλιος 2011

Ongoing work

Research continues in this topic on a variety of themes, which are outlined below with links to forthcoming titles.