09 Junio 2004
About 50 customs officers held a picket for an hour and a half in front of the government offices on 27 May 2004 and presented to the government an appeal calling for more resources and priority to be given to the Estonian Tax and Customs Board (Maksu- ja Tolliameti) - which was created in January 2004 by the merger of the previous tax and customs authorities. The Federation of Estonian Customs Officers’ Trade Unions (Eesti Tolliametnike Ametiühingute Liit, ETAL ), which organised the protests, argues that, in connection with Estonia joining the EU on 1 May 2004, the importance of the Tax and Customs Board has steeply risen in terms of promoting foreign trade, protecting the eastern border of the EU and preventing and discovering tax evasion and smuggling. Consequently, the requirements and challenges for revenue and customs officers have increased substantially in the form of extra work and responsibilities. The new situation also requests constant self-education by offices, on top of their work, in order to keep up with frequent changes in EU legislation.  http://www.zone.ee/amuhing/
06 Junio 2004
This article provides an overview of the legislative framework for the various types of employment and work contract in Estonia, and of the extent to which they are used in practice.
17 Mayo 2004
A general election was held in March 2003, resulting in the left-of-centre Estonian Centre Party (Eesti Keskerakond) and the right-of-centre Res Publica party (which was founded in December 2001), gaining a roughly equal share of the vote (25%). A new government was formed by Res Publica, the right-wing Reform Party (Reformierakond) and the centrist Estonian People’s Union (Eestimaa Rahvaliit). The former government consisted of the Centre Party and Reform Party. Ene Ergma, the speaker of parliament (the Riigikogu), is from Res Publica and, for the first time in Estonian history, a woman.
09 Mayo 2004
A draft Gender Equality Act was drawn up by the Ministry of Social Affairs  and adopted by the government in 2001. After the first parliamentary reading in March 2002, the draft was referred back to the Constitutional Committee. After parliamentary elections in March 2003, an amended draft was resubmitted to the parliament (Riigikogu) (EE0401103F ). At the beginning of 2004, the government approved the latest draft of the Act and in February and March the draft Act passed its first and second parliamentary readings. The necessity of passing the Act was reinforced by accession to the European Union on 1 May, which brought the obligation to bring Estonian legislation into conformity with EU law, in which gender equality is one of the basic principles. Finally, on 7 April 2004, parliament ratified the Gender Equality Act, which seeks to reduce gender-based discrimination in all areas of life.  http://www.sm.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/gender-equality-act-not-yet-adopted
09 Mayo 2004
On 13 April 2004, the Confederation of Estonian Trade Unions (Eesti Ametiühingute Keskliit, EAKL ) (EE0308101F ) and the government started bipartite negotiations over wage conditions for civil servants for 2005. EAKL’s aim was to attain a pay rise of 20% for civil servants for 2005 in 25 lower salary groups (there are 35 salary groups for civil servants in Estonia). However, the government took the position that such a general pay rise was unthinkable, because it is not possible to use the same criterion in measuring each worker’s effort. The last such agreement between the government and EAKL was concluded in 2001. In 2003, EAKL tried to obtain a pay rise of 6% for civil servants in lower salary groups, but it did not succeed and no agreement was signed.  http://www.eakl.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions
26 Abril 2004
Migration has become a significant economic and social policy issue in Estonia, as in the current EU Member States. While some present Member States are concerned about enormous migration flows from new Member States when they join on 1 May 2004, various opinion polls have indicated that there are not very many people in Estonia who want to leave, and that most of those that do would like to work abroad only for short period. Since the beginning of the 1990s, emigration from Estonia to the current EU has been consistently low. According to Eurostat, around 16,700 Estonian citizens lived outside Estonia in 2001, mainly in Finland, Germany and Sweden.
28 Marzo 2004
Tripartite discussions on a draft Social Dialogue Act, drawn up by the Ministry of Social Affairs, started in 2003. The proposed legislation would lay down general principles for employee information and consultation, with the general aim of advancing the social dialogue between employers and employees. The context is that Estonia needs to bring its legislation in line with 'acquis communautaire' (the body of EU law) before EU accession on 1 May 2004. This includes transposition of: the 1994 Directive on European Works Councils (EWCs) (94/45/EC ); the 2002 Directive on national information and consultation rules (2002/14/EC ) (EU0204207F ); and the 2001 Directive on employee involvement linked to the European Company Statute (ECS) (2001/86/EC ) (EU0206202F ). The proposed Social Dialogue Act would implement these three Directives.  http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett  http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32002L0014&model=guichett  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/final-approval-given-to-consultation-directive  http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32001L0086&model=guichett  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/european-company-statute-in-focus
23 Marzo 2004
This report is part of a series of projects from the Foundation which focuses on aspects of industrial relations in the run-up to enlargement. The national report for the Estonia is part of the second phase of a project on ‘Social dialogue and EMU’ carried out by the Foundation in 2002-3, in cooperation with the Swedish ‘Work Life and EU Enlargement’ programme. This report gives an overview of the collective conflict resolution mechanisms in Estonia. It describes the legal background and institutions and presents statistics on strikes and lockouts. The main report (EF0421) provides an overview of the whole project, looking at the current mechanisms for resolving industrial conflicts prevailing in each of the ten acceding countries involved in the project.
29 Febrero 2004
In Estonia, the main institutions dealing with individual and collective labour disputes are labour dispute commissions, local conciliators and the public conciliator, as well as the courts.
09 Febrero 2004
At the end of January 2004, the Estonian government discussed its work plan for the coming year and set itself a number of tasks in the area of labour and social policy. Joining the European Union in May 2004 poses various challenges to the government, and it sees one of its main tasks as ensuring the competitiveness of the Estonian economy in the EU while at the same time guaranteeing socially and regionally balanced sustainable economic development.