01 Febrero 2004
The Estonian legislative framework on equality between women and men at work is not yet complete, with the key item of legislation, the Gender Equality Act, not yet having been adopted (EE0312102F ). The draft of the Act was drawn up by the Ministry of Social Affairs and adopted by the government in 2001. After the first parliamentary reading in March 2002, the draft was referred back to the Constitutional Committee. After parliamentary elections in March 2003, an amended draft was resubmitted to the newly elected parliament (Riigikogu). At the beginning of January 2004, the latest draft Gender Equality Act was approved by the government, but has not yet been discussed in parliament. Despite the government’s approval, the Estonian Employer’s Confederation (Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit, ETTK ) (EE0310102F ) is opposed to the draft legislation, because it believes that the Act would inhibit the activity of employers and business in a substantial way by establishing an unjustified number of additional obligations for them.  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/gender-equality-issues-examined  http://www.ettk.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-employers-organisations-1
25 Enero 2004
The nominal level of the statutory minimum wage in Estonia has been steadily increasing since the beginning of the 1990s - see the table below. In the first half of the 1990s, the increase in the minimum wage was slower than the average wage increase, which led to a fall in the ratio of the minimum wage to the average wage. However, since 1996, the minimum wage has been increasing faster than the average wage. Despite this rapid increase, the ratio of the minimum wage to the average wage in Estonia in 2002, at 30%, was the lowest among the countries acceding to the EU.
06 Enero 2004
In Estonia, the automotive sector consists only of a number of enterprises involved in the manufacturing of parts and accessories for motor vehicles. There are no enterprises involved in the manufacturing of motor vehicles, bodies for motor vehicles or electrical equipment for engines and vehicles.
18 Diciembre 2003
Gender equality in its contemporary, internationally recognised meaning is a relatively new concept for Estonia. While issues related to gender equality were addressed to a wider audience at a'conference of Estonian women' as early as 1989, they have not become a clearly developed field in Estonia. The relevant legislation is widely regarded as insufficient at present, and there is a lack of institutions with concrete and specific functions in this area, while experts and relevant knowledge are largely lacking. However, over time, it appears that the public has become more willing to discuss the respective rights and responsibilities of men and women.
17 Diciembre 2003
On 4 December 2003, the Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation (Eesti Teenistujate Ametiliitude Keskorganisatsioon, TALO ) - Estonia's second largest central trade union organisation (EE0308101F ) - held a one-day strike to support its demands for pay increases for employees in educational and cultural activities. The main purpose of the strike was to demand wage increases for employees with a higher education working full time in a position demanding higher education and financed from the state budget (EE0311103F ). TALO represents employees working in the fields of education, culture, media, agriculture, sports, science, technology and healthcare. Of 80,000 public sector workers with a higher education who receive their wages from the state or local government budgets, 35,000 are members of TALO. Only a small share of TALO’s members work in the private sector.  http://www.talo.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/talo-organises-one-day-strike
08 Diciembre 2003
On 12 November 2003, representatives of trade unions and employers’ organisations, together with officials from the Labour Inspectorate (Tööinspektsiooni) and Tax Board (Maksuamet), discussed the possibilities of reducing the payment of undeclared 'envelope wages' and strengthening control mechanisms for the implementation of the relevant laws and regulations. 'Envelope wages' are cash payments to workers, on which social security contributions and personal income tax are not levied.
30 Noviembre 2003
Estonia's second largest central trade union organisation – the Estonian Employees’ Unions’ Confederation (Eesti Teenistujate Ametiühingute Keskorganisatsioon, TALO ) (EE0308101F ) - has decided to organise a strike on 4 December 2003. The main purpose of the strike is to demand wage increases for employees with higher education working in the fields of education and culture. Today, the average wage of teachers, who are the main target group of the planned strike, constitutes only 75% of the national average wage. TALO’s wage claim for 2004 is EEK 7,300 per month for employees with higher education working full time in a position demanding higher education and financed from the state budget.  http://www.talo.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions
11 Noviembre 2003
According to the Wage Law (which came into force in 1994) the national minimum wage in Estonia is determined annually by government decree after the central organisations of trade unions and employers have reached consensus about its level for the next year. Over the years, the minimum wage negotiations have often been rather intense. In August 2001, the Estonian Employers’ Confederation (Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit, ETTK ) (EE0310102F ) and the Confederation of Estonian Trade Unions (Eesti Ametiühingute Keskliit, EAKL ) (EE0308101F ) signed a bipartite agreement on the principles of establishing the minimum wage in the period up until 2008. According to this agreement, the proportion of the national average wage represented by the minimum wage should rise to reach 41% by 2008. The agreement also determined the formula and principles for calculating the minimum wage.  http://www.ettk.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-employers-organisations-1  http://www.eakl.ee/  www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/the-development-and-current-situation-of-trade-unions
03 Noviembre 2003
This feature outlines Estonia's legal provisions on collective bargaining procedures, and looks at the current situation in terms of the number and level of agreements.
03 Noviembre 2003
In this feature, we trace the development of employers' organisations in Estonia since independence in 1991 and examine their current organisation and structure.