Because of its flourishing economy, Brescia is one of the Italian cities which has attracted a large number of migrants, especially in the last decade. In the field of employment, people with a migration background are employed by the city only within the office providing services to the migrant population – the Office of Integration and Citizenship. However, no specific policy is devised to improve the access of people with a migration background to jobs in the local administration. The main reasons for this are that immigration is a young phenomenon in Italian cities, and the requirement to hold an EU passport to be allowed to work in the public sector.
Turin is one of the Italian cities that has attracted a large number of migrants, especially in the past decade. As is often the case, labour migration has been followed by the settlement of migrant families, and the migrant population has developed significant needs in all spheres of economic and social life. In addition, in recent years, the city has hosted a growing number of refugees and asylum seekers. The lack of a comprehensive national policy for the integration of migrants into Italian society has meant that Turin has engaged in the planning and implementation of many initiatives and practices aimed at fostering the process of migrant and refugee integration in a local context. Thanks to the efforts of the local administration and the social partners, Turin shows a high commitment to receiving newcomers and giving them access to national and local welfare systems.