Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Targeted control of enterprises for undeclared work, Estonia

02 Junio 2013
  • Estonia
  In 2012, the Estonian Tax and Customs Board undertook extensive activities to tackle tax fraud and undeclared wages, including hiring an additional 90 tax officials. The activities include notification letters as well as visits to company sites. In 2012, the tax officials concentrated on the construction and hotel and catering (restaurants) sectors.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Tighter control over undeclared work, Slovakia

02 Junio 2013
  • Slovakia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Mixed teams of inspectors, Cyprus

02 Junio 2013
  • Cyprus
  The Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance has introduced several measures to combat undeclared and illegal employment in Cyprus. Among these measures are the expansion of the role of the mixed teams of inspectors who identify cases of undeclared employment, to include the application of the Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation Law of 2004 in order to ensure that all employees are treated equally.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Targeted incentives to register employees, Croatia

02 Junio 2013
  • Croatia
  Employers are awarded grants to employ specific groups who are threatened by unemployment and at risk of turning to undeclared work. In particular, the grants enable young people without relevant experience or education to gain work experience or relevant training, and this enhances their employability.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Local employment agencies, Belgium

02 Junio 2013
  • Belgium
  The system of ‘Local employment agencies’ (Agences locales pour l’emploi/Plaatselijke werkgelegenheidsagentschappen, ALE/PWA) was the first attempt to transfer certain household services into the formal labour market in Belgium. Up to then, many of these services were made available through undeclared work. Through the ALE/PWA, long-term unemployed people can carry out neighbourhood services for private persons, local authorities, non-profit associations or schools.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Grey Economy Information Unit, Finland

02 Junio 2013
  • Finland
  The Grey Economy Information Unit was established by law on 1 January 2011. It is a specialist unit within the tax administration department, whose brief is to gather information and conduct investigations into undeclared work and other types of undeclared economic activity. The unit was based on a previous collaborative project between various authorities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

SMARTS student competition, Latvia

02 Junio 2013
  • Latvia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Electronic labour card, Greece

02 Junio 2013
  • Greece
One of the few legislative measures for tackling undeclared work in Greece is the establishment of a special electronic labour card. The pilot implementation of the innovative measure aims to provide incentives and counterincentives for the observance of the labour and social security legislation. The measure has not yet been implemented in practice, and it is expected it will have only a limited effect on preventing the rapid spread of undeclared work in the country.
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Information campaign on tax compliance, Estonia

02 Junio 2013
  • Estonia
  In 2010 and 2011, information campaigns were instigated by the Estonian Tax and Customs Board with the aim of raising awareness among the population as to how taxpayers’ money is being used by the state. Both campaigns were assessed as successful in terms of visibility and raising awareness.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Cross-border cooperation, Lithuania

02 Junio 2013
  • Lithuania
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

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