EurWORK European Observatory of Working Life

Country updates

  • The strike in the education sector, the approval of the Action Plan for social dialogue and the findings on wages and work-life balance of three surveys are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Lithuania in the first quarter of 2016.

  • Talks on the Competitiveness Pact, threats to the formation of a new peak-level organisation, and an agreement on a wage freeze are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Finland in the first quarter of 2016.

  • ​Proposed changes in the composition of the Industrial Tribunal and the renewal of the collective agreement at Air Malta are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Malta in the first quarter of 2016.

  • Trade union membership growth, the draft bill on temporary agency work and elections in three federal states are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Germany in the first quarter of 2016.

  • The discussions and deals between political parties after the general election of December 2015, the slow recovery of the labour market and trade union membership losses are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Spain in the first quarter of 2016.

  • ​The election of Croatia’s new Prime Minister and government, and serious challenges to public finance over public-sector wages are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Croatia in the first quarter of 2016.

  • Consultation on the renewal of industrial relations regulations, a proposal for a Charter of Universal Labour Rights, new rules on self-employment and 'smart working', and negotiations for the renewal of the collective bargaining agreement in the metalworking sector are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Italy in the first quarter of 2016.

  • New rosters for Ireland’s police force, An Garda Síochána [1], are seen
    as a key achievement under the terms of the Public Service Agreement
    (2010–2014) – known as the Croke Park agreement (IE1007039I [2]). The
    wide-ranging agreement commits the Irish Government [3] to maintaining core
    pay and avoiding compulsory redundancy in return for trade union cooperation
    with major change.

    [1] http://www.garda.ie/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations/croke-park-deal-delivers-cost-containment-and-promises-major-change-in-public-sector
    [3] http://www.gov.ie/

  • Nowadays, for many employees, successfully combining work and non-work has
    become a major challenge that sometimes creates problems or conflicts. The
    process whereby work demands negatively affect one’s functioning in the
    home domain is defined as ‘work–home interference’. This situation is
    assumed to be associated with health complaints since prolonged mental and/or
    physical preoccupation with work during non-work time limits the
    opportunities to recover from the effort expended at work. A sustained lack
    of recovery will eventually manifest itself in health complaints. The reverse
    process – that is, health complaints leading to work–home interference
    – may also emerge, because it is possible that employees suffering from
    health complaints are more susceptible to experiencing a negative influence
    of work on their private life.

  • In June 2004, the National Statistical Institute (NSI [1]) carried out an ad
    hoc labour market survey as part of the harmonised EU programme for business
    and consumer surveys. The survey was conducted in the industry, retail trade
    and services sectors. Employers in 3,131 enterprises were interviewed about
    the employment structure in their company, the present situation and
    attitudes towards increasing internal flexibility through changes in the
    company’s organisation of working time.

    [1] http://www.nsi.bg/Index_e.htm

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