Czech Republic: Gender inequalities in income
A study on earnings and pensions finds that the gender pay gap remains high in the Czech Republic, resulting also in lower pensions for women.
The non-governmental organisations Gender Studies, o.p.s and Open Society (Otevřená společnost, o.p.s.) have published the findings of their study on Fair earnings, fair pensions (in Czech, 1.1 MB PDF). The analysis shows that quite extensive vertical and horizontal gender segregation persists in the Czech labour market.
In 2013, the gender pay gap was 22% in the Czech Republic, higher than the EU average of 16.4%. The study emphasises the negative impact of parenthood on women's employment, which is high in the Czech Republic compared with other EU countries. The gender pay gap also reflects the relatively prolonged caring role of Czech women. According to the study, the pay gap at the age of 35–44 years (when many women return to work following extended parental leave) reaches nearly 30%.
Gender differences in pay when a person is economically active consequently leads to gender differences in pensions. The Czech pension system disregards the traditional role of men and women, where it is quite common for women to stay out of labour market for up to six years to care for their children. In 2013, the average pension for men was CZK 12,149 (about €449 as at 30 November 2015) in the Czech Republic, while it was only CZK 9551 (€353) for women. Looking at the trend in the gender pay gap, the Czech Republic appears to be moving in the opposite direction to other EU countries where there is a general shrinking of the pay gap. Therefore, Czech women on low incomes are more often exposed to poverty in retirement.