Diversity policy in employment and service provision - Case study: Turku, Finland
Immigration in Finland and in Turku is relatively new. It has been predominantly supply-driven (refugees, returnees and family related migration) and is now gradually changing to more demand-driven migration. Policy reactions – both at the national and local level – have been partial and targeted mainly at the refugee category. Migration and integration policies are in an early phase, primarily reacting to specific vulnerable categories of immigrants. Specific policies relating to reception of refugees and returnees have been initiated at the national level first. Local authorities were then urged to develop integration programmes for migrants.