The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the cRead more
The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the concept was unclear. Eurofound filled this gap, defining upward convergence as an improvement in performance alongside a reduction in disparities among Member States in a given socioeconomic indicator. Taking this definition as a starting point, this report illustrates the different ways that upward convergence is typically measured. It also summarises convergence patterns in six important socioeconomic indicators over a decade, from the start of the economic crisis to the height of the recovery. The analysis finds that upward convergence patterns are unstable and that Member States need to strengthen their resilience in the economic and social policy domains to achieve sustainable upward convergence.
Eurofound (2020), Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
Tables and graphs
The following list of graphs can be found in the report.
Figure 1: Downward divergence in income inequality, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 2: Upward convergence in the employment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 3: Downward divergence in the unemployment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
Figure 4: Upward convergence in AROPE, 2008–2017, EU27
Las investigaciones realizadas antes de que el Reino Unido abandone la Unión Europea el 31 de enero de 2020 y publicadas posteriormente pueden incluir datos sobre los 28 Estados miembros de la UE. Después de esta fecha, las investigaciones solo tienen en cuenta a los 27 Estados miembros de la UE (EU-28 menos el Reino Unido), a menos que se especifique lo contrario.
El presente informe presenta los resultados de las investigaciones realizadas antes de que se manifestase el brote de COVID-19 en Europa, en febrero de 2020. Por esta razón, los resultados no tienen en cuenta la epidemia.
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