Promoting social cohesion and convergence

Convergencia al alza en igualdad de género: ¿cuán cerca está la Unión de la igualdad?

Policy brief
Publicado
15 Julio 2021
pdf
Formats and languages

Conclusiones principales

  • In line with the EU’s overall trend of upward convergence, the Gender Equality Index rose in the EU and all Member States between 2010–2018, revealing a slight fall in disparities across countries.
Read more
  • In line with the EU’s overall trend of upward convergence, the Gender Equality Index rose in the EU and all Member States between 2010–2018, revealing a slight fall in disparities across countries.
  • Despite positive developments, progress in gender equality has varied across Member States with some from central and eastern Europe - already trailing in 2010 - improving their performance at a slower pace compared to the EU average and thus falling further behind.
  • The Gender Equality Index shows that between 2010 and 2018 the domain of power has been a driver behind progress in gender equality. At the same time, growing disparities have been recorded across countries in this area, revealing a clear pattern of upward divergence.
  • The social and economic impact of the COVID-19 crisis threatens to roll back past achievements in gender equality, particularly in countries with lower levels of gender equality where the biggest advances had been made. Measures to contain the pandemic have taken a heavier and disproportionate toll on women’s employment, increasing the time required for caring responsibilities.
  • As Member States emerge from the COVID-19 crisis and translate their recovery plans into action, it will be critical to ensure that new measures are gender-sensitive and that greater equality is achieved in both paid and unpaid work by, for example, increasing compensation for parental leave and facilitating greater involvement of fathers in childcare.
Read less

Resumen

A lo largo de la última década, la UE ha avanzado lentamente hacia la igualdad de género. Dado que los logros en materia de igualdad de género varían considera-blemente de un Estado miembro a otro, es importante comprender la evolución de las disparidades entre los Estados miembros y las implicacRead more

A lo largo de la última década, la UE ha avanzado lentamente hacia la igualdad de género. Dado que los logros en materia de igualdad de género varían considera-blemente de un Estado miembro a otro, es importante comprender la evolución de las disparidades entre los Estados miembros y las implicaciones que esto tiene para la convergencia económica y social al alza en la UE. Fundamentalmente, el impacto de la crisis de la COVID-19 no solo amenaza con anular lo logrado hasta la fecha sino que además puede dar lugar a un aumento de las disparidades entre los Estados miembros.

Este informe, elaborado conjuntamente por Eurofound y EIGE, investiga patrones de convergencia en materia de igualdad de género medidos con el Índice de Igualdad de Género en los Estados miembros durante el período 2010- 2018.

Eurofound delivers high-quality expertise and data on living and working conditions in the EU. Gender (equality) is a cross-cutting theme in all activities of the Agency. The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) is a partner in this area. More information about EIGE’s activities can be found on their website.

Read less

Formats and languages

  • Informe

    Número de páginas: 
    24
    Número de referencia: 
    ef21041
    ISBN: 
    978-92-9482-906-1
    Catálogo nº.: 
    MH-02-21-599-ES-N
    DOI: 
    10.2839/075989
    Catalogue info

    Convergencia al alza en igualdad de género: ¿cuán cerca está la Unión de la igualdad?

    Formatos

    Citar esta publicación: 

    Eurofound and EIGE (2021), Upward convergence in gender equality: How close is the Union of equality? Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Tables and graphs

    The policy brief contains the following list of figures:

    List of figures

    • Figure 1: Ranges of Gender Equality Index scores across Member States in 2018 and changes over time, EU-27
    • Figure 2: Upward convergence in the Gender Equality Index (in points), EU-27, 2010–2018
    • Figure 3: Member States’ scores in the Gender Equality Index grouped into four patterns, 2010–2018 
    • Figure 4: Catch-up in the Gender Equality Index, EU-27, 2010–2018
    • Figure 5: Distance between the top performer and the other Member States in the Gender Equality Index (in points), EU-27, 2010–2018
    • Figure 6: Convergence and divergence across the index domains and selected indicators, 2010–2018
    • Figure 7: Proportion of women on company boards (%), by Member State, 2010 and 2018
    • Figure 8: Proportion of women on company boards: comparison of Member States with and without national gender-balance quotas, 2003–2020
    • Figure 9: Gender gaps in FTE employment (in percentage points), by Member State, 2010 and 2018
    • Figure 10: Gender gaps in EHW employment and in enrolment in related fields of study (in percentage points), by Member State, 2010 and 2018
    • Figure 11: Gender gaps in unpaid care work and housework (in percentage points), by Member State, 2007 and 2016
  • convergeEU app

    Eurofound’s convergeEU app enables users to perform upward convergence analysis using Gender Equality Index data provided by EIGE. Click the link below to access the app.

Las investigaciones realizadas antes de que el Reino Unido abandone la Unión Europea el 31 de enero de 2020 y publicadas posteriormente pueden incluir datos sobre los 28 Estados miembros de la UE. Después de esta fecha, las investigaciones solo tienen en cuenta a los 27 Estados miembros de la UE (EU-28 menos el Reino Unido), a menos que se especifique lo contrario.

Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Añadir nuevo comentario