Employment effects of reduced non-wage labour costs

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30 Enero 2017
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Reducing labour taxes or offering incentives to hire new workers could motivate employers to either retain staff who might otherwise have been let go or to create new jobs. Since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008, both types of measure have been deployed in many EU Member States. This repRead more

Reducing labour taxes or offering incentives to hire new workers could motivate employers to either retain staff who might otherwise have been let go or to create new jobs. Since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008, both types of measure have been deployed in many EU Member States. This report reviews the effectiveness of measures designed to reduce the employer part of the tax wedge in an effort to stimulate positive labour market outcomes. It provides an overview of the reforms adopted since 2008 across the EU Member States to stimulate labour demand, focusing on policies aimed at reducing the cost of labour for employers. It analyses the effectiveness of shifts in employer social security contributions, employer payroll taxes and functionally equivalent employer incentives as employment-generating policy interventions. The findings show mixed evidence of positive employment effects from relevant policy reforms but suggest that measures targeted at specific groups of workers are more likely to be successful. 

See also Report Annexes 1-7

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    Number of Pages: 
    70
    Reference No: 
    EF1648
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1560-7
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-01-16-965-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/074541
    Catalogue info

    Employment effects of reduced non-wage labour costs

    Reducing labour taxes or offering incentives to hire new workers could motivate employers to either retain staff who might otherwise have been let go or to create new jobs. Since the onset of the financial crisis in 2008, both types of measure have been deployed in many EU Member States.

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    • Download full reportPDF
  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF16481
    Catalogue info

    Las repercusiones en el empleo de la reducción de los costes laborales no salariales de los empresarios

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Reducir los impuestos sobre el trabajo u ofrecer incentivos para contratar nuevos trabajadores podría alentar a los empresarios a retener a personal al que, de lo contrario, despediría o a crear nuevos puestos de trabajo. Desde el inicio de la crisis económica en 2008, se han adoptado ambos tipos de medidas en numerosos Estados Miembros de la UE. En este informe se examina la eficacia de las medidas destinadas a reducir la parte de la cuña fiscal correspondiente al empresario, en un esfuerzo por estimular la obtención de unos resultados positivos en materia de mercado de trabajo. El informe proporciona una visión general de las reformas adoptadas desde 2008 en todos los Estados Miembros de la UE para estimular la demanda de mano de obra, centrándose en las políticas encaminadas a reducir los costes laborales de los empresarios. Analiza asimismo la eficacia de la modificación de las cotizaciones a la seguridad social y los impuestos sobre las nóminas que debe asumir el empresario y de otros incentivos, funcionalmente equivalentes, como intervenciones políticas generadoras de empleo. Los resultados acerca de los efectos positivos en el empleo de las reformas políticas pertinentes no son concluyentes aunque se apunta a que las medidas dirigidas a grupos específicos de trabajadores tienen más probabilidades de obtener éxito.

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