Publications

Search results: 749 items found
  • Article
    21 Diciembre 2008

    In April 2008, the National Confederation of Greek Traders (Εθνική
    Συνομοσπονδία Ελληνικού Εμπορίου, ESEE [1])
    presented the Annual report on Greek wholesale and retail trade for 2007 (in
    Greek) [2]. The report contains a chapter describing structural developments
    and the main features of employment in the wholesale and retail trade sector
    compared with the previous year and with reference to the period 1993–2007.
    The contents of this chapter are based mainly on two sources: a compilation
    of data contained in the Labour Force Survey (LFS) conducted by the National
    Statistical Service of Greece (Εθνική Στατιστική
    Υπηρεσία Ελλάδας, ESYE [3]) for the years 1993–2007 and data
    from the ICAP [4] databank – the ICAP Group offers business information,
    management consultancy, market research and a range of other services to
    companies.

    [1] http://www.esee.gr/
    [2] http://www.esee.gr/page.asp?id=2060
    [3] http://www.statistics.gr/
    [4] http://www.icap.gr/

  • Article
    11 Diciembre 2008

    On 12 November 2008, Luxembourg’s workplace elections – also known as
    social elections –took place. As part of these elections, workers voted for
    personnel delegations in companies with over 15 employees, as well as
    representatives for the recently formed Employee Chamber (Chambre des
    salariés, CSL [1]) (*LU0809019I* [2]), which commenced operations in January
    2009.

    [1] http://www.csl.lu/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-employee-chamber-brings-workers-together-in-single-status

  • Article
    9 Diciembre 2008

    The sphere of paid work is not just a place where working people spend a
    considerable part of their lives; it is also a place for building social
    relationships. The way in which working people view the workplace in terms of
    privacy and as an arena for building close social relationships was the
    subject of a representative survey entitled The context of changes in the
    labour market and forms of private, family and partner life in Czech society
    [1].

    [1] http://www.soc.cas.cz/projects/en/15/57/The-Context-of-Changes-in-the-Labour-Market-and-Forms-of-Private-Family-and-Partner-Life-in-Czech-Society.html

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    On 22 October 2008, representatives of the federal and state governments met
    in Dresden, in the eastern federal state of Saxony, to discuss future
    education policy in Germany. The ‘Education summit’ was opened by the
    German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, who called for more investment in
    education. Essential goals were set out in a joint declaration (in German,
    190Kb PDF) [1]. It was agreed that spending on education was to be raised to
    10% of gross domestic product (GDP) by 2015. Furthermore, Chancellor Merkel
    stressed that the drop-out rates for school pupils and vocational trainees
    must be halved by 2015 – from 8% to 4% for school pupils and from 17% to
    8.5% for vocational trainees. The needs of migrants, in particular, were
    addressed by the joint declaration at the education summit. However, any
    future measures must consider the significant differences that still exist
    between the integration of migrants and Germans into the labour market. These
    differences were analysed in a recent study by the Institute for Employment
    Research (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [2]).

    [1] http://www.bundesregierung.de/Content/DE/__Anlagen/2008/10/2008-10-22-bildungsgipfel,property=publicationFile.pdf
    [2] http://www.iab.de/de

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    Numerous companies of the glass manufacturing group Bohemia Crystalex Trading
    [1] have been in insolvency proceedings since 22 September 2008. This
    includes the two glassworks companies Sklo Bohemia [2] in Světlá nad
    Sázavou in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic located on the
    frontier between Bohemia and Moravia, and Sklárny Bohemia [3] in Poděbrady
    in central Bohemia. Until the insolvency proceedings were initiated, the
    group did not owe any salaries to employees. It only began to experience
    problems when the banks froze its accounts (for more information on the Czech
    glass industry crisis, see *CZ0810039I* [4]). Thus, about 1,750 workers at
    the company’s plants in Poděbrady and Světlá nad Sázavou did not
    receive their salaries for September 2008.

    [1] http://www.bct.cz/
    [2] http://www.sklobohemia.cz/index_en.html
    [3] http://www.sklarny-bohemia.cz/
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/glass-industry-crisis-continues

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    The international financial crisis hit Belgium from September 2008 onwards.
    Two of the country’s largest banks – Fortis [1] and Dexia [2] – began
    to experience severe problems, which have been exacerbated by the financial
    problems of other banks around the world. The value of their stocks, as well
    as the stocks of most other Belgian companies, plunged. The government tried
    to control the situation by taking part ownership in the banks and
    guaranteeing their deposits. In early October, Fortis was split into two
    parts: the Dutch part was nationalised, while the Belgian division was sold
    to the French bank BNP Paribas [3].

    [1] https://www.bnpparibasfortis.be
    [2] http://www.dexia.be/
    [3] http://www.bnpparibas.com/en/home/

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    Against the backdrop of the global financial crisis and a domestic budgetary
    shortfall, considerable attention has been focused on the level of top
    salaries. This applies, in particular, to executives in the main Irish banks,
    which are underpinned by taxpayer guarantees, and in respect of senior civil
    servants and politicians, who are aware of the public spending constraints on
    the government. Meanwhile, in mid November 2008, unionised workers formally
    agreed to a 6% pay rise over 21 months as part of the latest national pay
    agreement – known as the ‘transitional agreement’ (*IE0810019I* [1])
    – under the framework of the Towards 2016 (2.86Mb PDF) [2] national social
    partnership framework.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-agree-national-deal-on-pay-and-industrial-relations
    [2] http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/attached_files/Pdf files/Towards2016PartnershipAgreement.pdf

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    An EU PHARE [1] project, launched in June 2002, sought to address one of the
    biggest shortcomings of the Hungarian industrial relations system: the lack
    of proper social dialogue [2] at sectoral level. The project aimed to
    establish bipartite sectoral social dialogue committees (Ágazati Párbeszéd
    Bizottságok) in 18 industries in Hungary. These committees seek to provide
    appropriate forums for consultation on sectoral policies, to facilitate
    collective bargaining [3] and to enable the Hungarian social partners to play
    an active role in EU-level sectoral social dialogue (*HU0212106F* [4]).

    [1] http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/e50004.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/social-dialogue
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/collective-bargaining
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/project-seeks-to-strengthen-autonomous-social-dialogue-at-sector-level

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    The Spanish air transport sector has experienced strong growth in recent
    years, leading to an increase in the number of operators and greater
    competition. Over the last year, however, the continuing increase in fuel
    prices and decrease in business due to the global economic crisis have
    threatened the continuity of many companies in the sector.

  • Article
    7 Diciembre 2008

    On 18 September 2008, the Danish government sent an invitation to the social
    partners to participate in the creation of a commission to ‘identify,
    analyse and discuss several issues regarding wages, recruitment and
    management conditions in the public sector’.