Publications

Search results: 749 items found
  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    The Italian airline company Alitalia [1] has been in the midst of an economic
    crisis for many years. As a result, Italy’s then centre-left government
    headed by the former Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, decided to sell the
    company to the best buyer in accordance with a European procedure.

    [1] http://www.alitalia.com/

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    In July 2008, in the context of the monitoring and control mechanism for the
    implementation of the legislation on equality by means of collective
    agreements, the Women’s Bureau of the Pancyprian Federation of Labour
    (Παγκύπρια Εργατική Ομοσπονδία, PΕΟ [1]), set up
    by PEO in September 2004, completed a study entitled /Equality between women
    and men in collective labour agreements/. The results of the study were
    officially presented on 3 November 2008.

    [1] http://www.peo.org.cy/

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    In October 2008, the Norwegian Tariff Board (Tariffnemnda [1]) approved the
    extension of collective agreements in a new case put forward by the Norwegian
    Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO [2]). The
    trade union confederation claims to have evidence which proves that foreign
    workers in the shipyard industry are subject to poorer wage and working
    conditions than their Norwegian counterparts. The decision was made after
    several postponements aeuro" the last one occurring in June 2008, when the
    Tariff Board called for a review of the Act relating to the general
    application of wage agreements (in Norwegian) [3] and the administrative
    provisions in light of recent developments in case law and legal practice in
    the European Court of Justice (ECJ [4]).

    [1] http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/aid/About-the-Ministry/tilknyttede_virksomheter/tariffnemnda.html?id=85823
    [2] http://www.lo.no/
    [3] http://www.lovdata.no/cgi-wift/wiftldles?doc=/usr/www/lovdata/all/nl-19930604-058.html&emne=allmenngj¢ring*&&
    [4] http://curia.europa.eu/

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    A new Working Environment Act (2.09Mb PDF) [1] (/Arbeidslivets lover/) was
    implemented in Norway in 2006 ensuring the rights of employees in
    reorganisation processes. During reorganisation processes that involve
    significant changes for the employees’ working situation, the employer
    shall ensure the provision of necessary information to employees,
    participation of employees in the process and competence development to meet
    the requirements of a fully satisfactory working environment. This new act
    motivated the Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority (Arbeidstilsynet [2]) to
    develop guidelines for organisations to promote healthy change processes.

    [1] http://www.arbeidstilsynet.no/binfil/download.php?tid=42156
    [2] http://www.arbeidstilsynet.no/c26840/artikkel/vis.html?tid=29289

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    A report entitled Talent not tokenism (1.2Mb PDF) [1] was published in June
    2008 by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI [2]) and the Trades Union
    Congress (TUC [3]), in conjunction with the UK independent statutory body the
    Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC [4]). The report aims to highlight
    the business benefits of developing workplace policies that seek to promote
    equality and diversity. It emphasises how businesses can achieve increased
    employee satisfaction, a better understanding of customer needs, and solve
    skills shortages through the adoption of such policies.

    [1] http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/forbusinessesandorganisation/Documents/Talent_not_Tokenism.pdf
    [2] http://www.cbi.org.uk/
    [3] http://www.tuc.org.uk/
    [4] http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/Pages/default.aspx

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2008

    The Institute for the Equality of Women and Men (Instituut voor de Gelijkheid
    van Vrouwen en Mannen/Institut pour l’Égalite des Femmes et Hommes,
    IGVM/IEFH [1]) has presented its second annual report (in Dutch, 1Mb PDF) [2]
    on the pay gap between male and female workers in Belgium. The report
    presents the official figures concerning remuneration differences between
    women and men. In this regard, it applies the recognised European indicators
    which are being used up to 2010. The main source of data for the report is
    the Structure of Earnings Survey, which is also complemented by official wage
    data from the National Social Security Office (Rijksdienst voor Sociale
    Zekerheid/Office National de Sécurité Sociale, RSZ-ONSS [3]). New features
    of this year’s report are the figures pertaining to several sectors – in
    particular the public sector – along with findings on the wage gap in small
    and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and by joint sector committee in the
    field of collective bargaining [4].

    [1] http://www.igvm.fgov.be/
    [2] http://www.statbel.fgov.be/ses/wagegap2008_nl.pdf
    [3] http://rsz.fgov.be/
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/collective-bargaining

  • Article
    26 Noviembre 2008

    Attitudes to work amongPortuguese workers vary greatly. In general, male
    workers, workers with a university degree and full-time workers seem to feel
    more secure in their jobs, to think that they have good opportunities for
    promotion and to be more satisfied about their jobs than female workers,
    workers with lower education and part-time workers. The former groups are
    also more likely to consider their jobs as interesting and useful to
    society.

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    In two years, the number of employees working through ‘/mala fide/’ or
    fraudulent temporary work agencies has almost doubled. While, in 2006, the
    figure was 80,000 workers, this irregular practice now involves some 150,000
    people a year. More than half of the temporary agency workers from eastern
    Europe who are working in the Netherlands do so through irregular employment
    agencies. As a result, they face problems such as underpayment and poor
    living conditions, while their employers often commit wage tax fraud. This
    situation largely concerns Polish employees, who have been allowed to work in
    the Netherlands without a work permit since May 2007 (*NL0711019I* [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-flout-labour-law-by-hiring-illegal-workers

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    The traditional autumn consultation between the Dutch cabinet and social
    partners reached a satisfactory conclusion at the beginning of October 2008.
    Before starting, the respective parties attached great importance to reaching
    consensus on the issues arising, especially given the degree of turbulence in
    today’s financial markets. In a positive outcome, the three parties agreed
    on the main points of their discussions.

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    In September 2008, a long-standing debate about the finances of the nine
    Chambers of Labour (Arbeiterkammern, AK [1]) in the nine provinces
    (/Länder/) of the country was fuelled again by the populist Alliance for the
    Future of Austria (Bündnis Zukunft Österreich, BZÖ [2]) – a
    newly-founded party represented in parliament as a result of a split-off from
    the populist Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ [3]) in
    2005 (*AT0512203F* [4]). Only about two weeks before the general elections on
    28 September 2008, BZÖ presented a proposal aiming to reduce the so-called
    ‘Chamber of Labour levy’ (/Arbeiterkammerumlage/) for low-income earners
    – an issue that has been deemed popular by the party, particularly among
    low-skilled and poorly paid employees. The party argued that such a reduction
    would not only increase the wages and salaries of the most vulnerable
    employee groups, but would also help to lower non-wage labour costs [5] in
    general.

    [1] http://www.arbeiterkammer.at/www-18.html
    [2] http://www.bzoe.at/
    [3] http://www.fpoe.at/
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-plans-to-abolish-permanent-tenure-for-civil-servants
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/labour-costs