Publications

Search results: 749 items found
  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    Since early September 2008, significant job losses have been announced in
    Belgium’s textile industry. More specifically, five prominent manufacturers
    – Bekaert Textiles, Uco, Beaulieu, Domo and Ralos – announced
    restructuring measures or plant closures, which are set to affect over 1,500
    jobs. According to the Belgian Federation for the Textile Industry, Wood and
    Furniture (Fédération belge de l’industrie textile, du bois et de
    l’ameublement/Belgische federatie van de textile-, hout- en
    meubelindustrie, Fedustria [1]), the sector lost an average of about 1,000
    jobs each year. However, its expectations for 2008 were less favourable, with
    the federation predicting earlier this year some 2,000 job losses by year end
    – to date, 1,800 jobs have already been lost since the beginning of the
    year.

    [1] http://www.fedustria.be/Content/Default.asp?

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    The first reaction of the European social partners [1] to the Commission’s
    proposal for a recast of the European Works Council [2] (EWC) directive
    (*EU0807039I* [3]) resulted in them taking-up opposite positions. While the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC [4]) welcomed the long-overdue
    revision of the EWC directive, the Confederation of European Business
    (BusinessEurope [5]) criticised the proposal as ‘over-prescriptive and
    ill-suited for individual companies’.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-social-partners
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-works-councils
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-adopts-proposal-for-improved-ewc-directive
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/etuc
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/businesseurope

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    The Equal Treatment Act was already discussed in the Estonian parliament
    (Riigikogu [1]) in 2002, together with the gender equality [2] provisions. At
    that time, proceeding with the draft act was suspended on account of new
    elections, after which the subject was taken off the agenda. Later, in 2004,
    the Gender Equality Act [3] was adopted separately. However, according to
    Council Directive 2000/43/EC [4] implementing the principles of equal
    treatment [5] between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin and
    Council Directive 2000/78/EC [6] establishing a general framework for equal
    treatment in employment and occupation, the need to adopt necessary
    regulations in Estonia to comply with these directives remained. As no
    regulations have since been adopted, the European Commission [7] has
    instituted infringement proceedings against Estonia.

    [1] http://www.riigikogu.ee/?lang=en
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/gender-equality
    [3] http://www.legaltext.ee/text/en/X80041.htm
    [4] http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0043:EN:HTML
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/equal-treatment
    [6] http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0078:EN:HTML
    [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    The German company Siemens AG [1] is to end its involvement in the Siemens
    Kolejová vozidla [2] plant in Zličín in Prague by the end of September
    2009. The Siemens group – which previously received tens of millions of
    Czech koruna (CZK) in investment incentives in the Czech Republic and employs
    around 12,500 people in the country – announced at the beginning of July
    2008 its plan to reduce its global workforce by 17,000 workers due to the
    current economic downturn. This figure includes 2,500 employees from its
    Mobility Division, which includes a plant in Zličín. According to the CEO
    of the Mobility Division, Hans-Jörg Grundmann: ‘This reorganisation is
    necessary for eliminating surplus capacities and thereby increasing long-term
    competitiveness.’

    [1] http://w1.siemens.com/entry/cc/en/
    [2] http://www.siemens.cz/siemjet/cz/home/kolvoz/Main/index.jet

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    Protection of the Latvian language is aimed at both strengthening the
    national identity and preserving cultural values. This explains the rigorous
    legislation regulating language use in Latvia. Compliance with the language
    use legislation is supervised and controlled by the State Language Centre
    (Valsts valodas centrs, VVC).

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    Poland’s education system is regarded as being oriented towards general
    skills, and the institutional links connecting schools and workplaces are
    relatively weak. Furthermore, since the early 1990s, the number of students
    in vocational schools has been declining: from over 800,000 persons in the
    school year 1990/1991 to some 240,000 students in 2005/2006. This development
    is combined with a diminishing number of vocational schools, from more than
    2,500 schools in 1990/1991 to some 1,800 schools in 2005/2006.

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    In Sweden, according to the Work Injury Insurance Act (/Lag om
    arbetsskadefA¶rsA¤kring/, SFS 1976:380 (in Swedish) [1]), workers who
    suffer from work-related injuries are entitled to compensation. The term
    aeuro~work-related injuryaeuroTM, in this case, refers to physical and
    psychological injuries and disorders caused by a poor work environment.

    [1] http://62.95.69.15/cgi-bin/thw?${HTML}=sfst_lst&${OOHTML}=sfst_dok&${SNHTML}=sfst_err&${MAXPAGE}=26&${TRIPSHOW}=format=THW&${BASE}=SFST&${FORD}=FIND&${FREETEXT}=&BET=1976:380&RUB=&ORG=&${SORT}=ÅR%

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    Every four years, the National Institute of Statistics (Institutul Naţional
    de Statistică, INS [1]) conducts a study on salary earnings in the month of
    October in the reference year. The latest survey, covering companies
    employing at least 10 workers, was published in 2008, entitled /Salary
    disparities and their causes, 2006/.

    [1] http://www.insse.ro/

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    A study entitled Better psychosocial work environment: A study of workplace
    interventions [1] assesses the strategy defined in the law about the
    evaluation of the working environment. The study is part of the BEST-practice
    research project carried out by the National Research Centre for the Working
    Environment (Det Nationale Forskningscenter for Arbejdsmiljø, NFA [2]), the
    Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Management (Institut for
    Planlægning, Innovation og Ledelse, IPL [3]) at the Technical University of
    Denmark (Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, DTU [4]), and three departments of
    the Roskilde University (Roskilde Universitetscenter, RUC [5]). The latter
    three departments include the Centre for Working Environment and Working Life
    (Center for Arbejdsmiljø og Arbejdsliv [6]), the Department of
    Communication, Business and Information Technologies (Institut for
    Kommunikation, Virksomhed og Informationsteknologier [7]) and the Department
    of Psychology and Educational Studies (Institut for Psykologi og
    Uddannelsesforskning [8]).

    [1] http://www.best-project.dk/
    [2] http://www.arbejdsmiljoforskning.dk/
    [3] http://www.man.dtu.dk/
    [4] http://www.dtu.dk/english.aspx
    [5] http://www.ruc.dk/RUC_en/
    [6] http://www.ruc.dk/enspac/aliv/
    [7] http://www.ruc.dk/cbit/
    [8] http://www.ruc.dk/paes/

  • Article
    23 Noviembre 2008

    A study by the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies
    (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, INSEE [1]),
    carried out in 2006, has examined the work situation regarding persons who
    are directly employed by individuals. The study (in French) [2] does not
    include other jobs which these workers could have in addition to direct
    employment by individuals, nor does it cover the hours of work done for
    individuals as employees of a public or private organisation – mainly in
    the field of home help.

    [1] http://www.insee.fr/
    [2] http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/document.asp?reg_id=0&ref_id=ip1173