Publications

Search results: 664 items found
  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    The autonomous communities of Catalonia and Aragon in northeastern Spain have
    to face restructuring [1] plans in the car manufacturing companies Nissan and
    Opel, but with highly significant differences. In Catalonia, for instance,
    the conflict at Nissan [2] affects regional industrial relations and has
    received considerable support from the Catalan government. However, the
    restructuring operations at Opel [3] in Aragon stretch beyond the limits of
    the Spanish state as it is part of General Motors’ (GM [4]) restructuring
    of its European subsidiaries Opel and Vauxhall. It has therefore led to the
    involvement of the company’s European Works Council [5] (EWC) – known as
    the European Employees’ Forum (EEF) – the governments of five countries
    and the European institutions, with an important role played by the European
    Commission in the fields of enterprise and competition (*EU0910029I* [6],
    *UK0911049I* [7]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring
    [2] http://www.nissan-global.com/EN/index.html
    [3] http://www.opel.com/
    [4] http://www.gm.com/
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-works-councils
    [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/general-motors-ditches-plan-to-sell-opel-and-vauxhall-to-magna
    [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-union-welcomes-general-motors-decision-not-to-sell-opel

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    On 29 October 2009, the Tripartite Social Summit [1] met ahead of the autumn
    European Council of Ministers. These twice annual meetings provide an
    opportunity for an exchange of views between the social partners, the
    European Commission [2], heads of government and employment ministers. The
    agenda of the October meeting was split into two parts: the first part dealt
    with the recent economic and social situation in Europe, while the second
    part focused on the social partners’ Joint work programme 2009–2010
    (407Kb PDF) [3]. The social partners were united in their concerns over the
    nature of economic recovery in Europe, although they emphasised different
    priorities that should be adopted in the short term.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/tripartite-social-summit
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission
    [3] http://www.etuc.org/IMG/pdf_FINAL_Joint_Social_Dialogue_Work_Programme_2009-2010.pdf

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    In the Czech Republic, opening hours in shops are by no means limited.
    Although law-makers from the Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana
    sociálně demokratická, ČSSD [1]) and the Communist Party of Bohemia and
    Moravia (Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy, KSČM [2]) made an attempt in
    2005 to ban opening hours at night in supermarkets and on public holidays,
    they did not get sufficient support for their proposal. At that time, chain
    store operators objected to the proposal claiming that they would lose
    customers due to the banning of sales on public holidays and at night time.
    They warned that, as a result, they would have to dismiss some of their
    staff.

    [1] http://www.cssd.cz
    [2] http://www.kscm.cz

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    Since 1990, when an incomes policy was agreed between the social partners, a
    Cost of Living Allowance (COLA) increase, based on the Retail Price Index
    (RPI), has been announced in every budget speech. This increase, being
    mandatory, is given to all workers.

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    On 4 November 2009, the leader of the opposition Conservative Party, David
    Cameron, made a speech [1] on A Europe policy that people can believe in [2],
    in which he set out the party’s response to the final ratification of the
    Lisbon Treaty.

    [1] http://www.conservatives.com/News/Speeches/2009/11/David_Cameron_A_Europe_policy_that_people_can_believe_in.aspx
    [2] http://www.conservatives.com/News/Speeches/2009/11/David_Cameron_A_Europe_policy_that_people_can_believe_in.aspx

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    As highlighted in previous EIRO articles (*SE0706029I* [1], *SE0801019I* [2],
    *SE0804029I* [3], *SE0811029I* [4], *SE0901029I* [5], *SE0905029I* [6]), the
    Laval case [7] has posed challenges for the Swedish labour market model and
    the parties involved.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/debate-over-implications-of-laval-case-for-labour-market-relations
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/european-court-ruling-on-the-laval-case-will-restrict-right-to-industrial-action
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-to-amend-labour-law-in-light-of-european-court-ruling-on-laval-case
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/swedish-labour-market-model-under-threat
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/swedish-laval-inquiry-proposals-may-prove-difficult-to-implement
    [6] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-have-differing-views-on-laval-inquiry
    [7] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/laval-case

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    On 16 September 2009, the Executive Committee of the Trade Union of Railway
    Workers in Bulgaria (Синдикат на железничарите в
    България, TURWB) met at the Confederation of the Independent Trade
    Unions in Bulgaria (Конфедерация на независимите
    синдикати в България, CITUB [1]) to discuss the escalation
    of social tension due to wage arrears in the National Railway Infrastructure
    Company (Национална компания ‘Железопътна
    инфраструктура’, NRIC [2]). The shop stewards of the trade
    union organisations represented in NRIC also participated in the meeting.

    [1] http://www.knsb-bg.org/knsb/
    [2] http://www.rail-infra.bg/

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    On 24 October 2009, the conservative Christian Democratic Party (Christlich
    Demokratische Union, CDU [1]), its Bavarian associate, the Christian Social
    Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU [2]), and the Liberal Democratic Party
    (Freie Demokratische Partei, FDP [3]) reached an agreement (in German, 628Kb
    PDF) [4] to form a new coalition government in Germany. Negotiations to
    establish such a conservative-liberal coalition had begun shortly after the
    general election held on 27 September 2009 (*DE0910029I* [5]).

    [1] http://www.cdu.de/
    [2] http://www.csu.de/partei/index.htm
    [3] http://www.liberale.de/
    [4] http://www.cdu.de/doc/pdfc/091026-koalitionsvertrag-cducsu-fdp.pdf
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/general-election-results-fuel-debate-between-social-partners

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    In Malta, virtually the whole public sector – which includes both civil
    service and statutory organisations, comprising about 40,600 workers
    (National Statistics Office (NSO), 2009) – is covered by sectoral
    collective agreements. However, it remained unclear to what extent the
    country’s private sector – which comprises some 103,055 workers,
    including self-employed persons (NSO, 2009) – is covered by the trade
    unions and how significant their presence is in an area where market forces
    prevail and where trade unions need to obtain recognition from private
    employers for collective bargaining purposes.

  • Article
    16 Diciembre 2009

    In 2005, the European Commission [1] grew impatient with the persistent
    public financial support channelled to Polish shipyards and initiated an
    investigation regarding the legality of this state aid. Subsequently, the
    Commission repeatedly requested the Polish government to draw up a
    restructuring [2] programme, without noticeable effect. The Commission made
    clear – from early to mid 2008 – that Poland should not hope for any
    extension of the imminent deadline for submission of the restructuring
    programme. Thus, the government twice presented such a programme, with the
    principal element of each version being based on privatisation of both
    shipyard companies in the northern city of Gdynia and the northwestern city
    of Szczecin. Neither of the programmes submitted, however, was positively
    reviewed by the European Commission. Ultimately, in November 2008, the
    Commission ruled that the state aid transferred to the Gdynia and Szczecin
    shipyards was illegal and requested that the beneficiaries repay it
    (*PL0807029I* [3]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/european-commission
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/restructuring
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/polish-shipyards-flounder-as-eu-demands-return-of-state-aid