Publications

Search results: 664 items found
  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    On 8 October 2009, the Communication Workers’ Union (CWU [1]) announced the
    results of a national strike ballot of postal workers employed by Royal Mail
    [2]. The ballot showed strong support for industrial action, with 76% of the
    81,000 members who took part voting in favour of striking.

    [1] http://www.cwu.org/
    [2] http://www.royalmail.com/portal/rm

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    In response to the current economic situation in Lithuania, which is
    continuing to worsen, the government of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos
    Respublikos Vyriausybė, LRV [1]) with a view to realigning the national
    budget is to impose public sector wage cuts, as well as to reduce the amount
    of old-age pensions and other social welfare benefits.

    [1] http://www.lrv.lt/

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    In the spring of 2008, the then Federal Minister of Social Affairs and
    Consumer Protection, Erwin Buchinger, agreed with representatives of all nine
    Austrian provinces (/Länder/) to introduce a ‘needs-oriented basic
    cover’ scheme by the summer of 2009. The aim was to replace the different
    social assistance schemes of each of the nine provinces by a uniform ‘basic
    cover’ scheme in order to set national minimum standards of assistance and
    thus prevent destitution among the country’s population. At that time, the
    proposal stipulated that impoverished people who are willing to work would
    receive a minimum gross income of €747 a month, which should be payable 14
    times a year and revaluated annually (*AT0804019I* [1]). However, general
    elections held in September 2008 (which eventually led to a reinstatement of
    a social-democratic-conservative coalition government), the looming global
    economic and financial crisis as well as the permanent threat of one
    province, namely Carinthia, to withdraw from the planned nationwide scheme
    and to maintain its regional assistance scheme have together almost derailed
    the entire ‘basic cover’ project.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/government-to-introduce-basic-social-security-cover-in-2009

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    A new study on the gender wage gap (515Kb PDF) [1] published in September
    2009 by the Equality Authority (An tÚdarás Comhionannais [2]) and the
    Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI [3]) would seem to offer the
    most accurate and comprehensive assessment of the gender pay gap in Ireland
    to date. ESRI published previous research on the gender pay gap in Ireland in
    2000 (*IE0011160F* [4]). The new research uses data that provides unique
    information on both employee and employer characteristics to assess the size
    and nature of the gender pay gap in Ireland. The dataset – drawing on the
    2003 National Employment Survey (NES [5]) – allowed for identifying the
    following aspects:

    [1] http://www.esri.ie/UserFiles/publications/20090911101000/BKMNEXT141.pdf
    [2] http://www.equality.ie/
    [3] http://www.esri.ie/
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-policies-undefined-working-conditions/gender-wage-gap-examined
    [5] http://www.cso.ie/surveysandmethodologies/news_national_employ.htm

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    In September 2009, the Institute for Employment Research (Institut für
    Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, IAB [1]) published the results of a survey
    (in German, 1.7Mb PDF) [2] on companies’ adjustments to protect employment
    during the economic crisis. The survey was conducted in the second quarter of
    2009. It reveals that establishments in various sectors of the economy have
    been affected in different ways by the crisis. Irrespective of the sector,
    however, the vast majority of companies have so far refrained from laying off
    staff.

    [1] http://www.iab.de/
    [2] http://doku.iab.de/kurzber/2009/kb1809.pdf

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    The last general parliamentary election in Germany, which was held on 27
    September 2009, brought to an end the incumbent coalition government between
    the Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei
    Deutschlands, SPD [1]) and the conservative alliance of the Christian
    Democratic Union (Christliche Demokratische Union, CDU [2]) and its Bavarian
    associate, the Christian Social Union (Christlich-Soziale Union, CSU [3])
    (*DE0510201N* [4]). The following table outlines the election results, as
    well as the distribution of seats in the German parliament (Bundestag [5]).

    [1] http://www.spd.de/
    [2] http://www.cdu.de/en/3440.htm
    [3] http://www.csu.de/
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/employers-associations-and-trade-unions-divided-on-general-election-outcome
    [5] http://www.bundestag.de/htdocs_e/index.html

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    The joint conference of Bulgaria’s Economic and Social Council (ESC [1])
    and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC [2]) was held in Sofia
    on 5 and 6 October 2009. The main topics discussed during the conference
    included the labour market situation in the European Union (EU) and the
    impact of the financial and economic crisis on it, as well as the assessment
    of these trends and anti-crisis measures introduced by the EU Member States
    in cooperation with the social partners and other interest groups. The
    analysis of the labour market situation in the EU shows that the global
    economic and financial crisis has continued to expand in 2009, with the
    labour market being one of the most severely affected areas.

    [1] http://www.esc.bg/
    [2] http://www.eesc.europa.eu/index_en.asp

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    The Belgian government is currently engaged in implementing austerity
    measures to combat the severe impact of the global economic crisis, as well
    as the rapidly rising national debt. The federal coalition government
    comprises the Christian Democratic and Flemish Party (Christen-Democratisch
    en Vlaams, CD&V [1]), the Humanist Democratic Centre (Centre démocrate
    humaniste, CDH [2]), the liberal parties the Flemish Liberals and Democrats
    (Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten, VLD [3]) and the francophone Reformist
    Movement (Mouvement Réformateur, MR [4]), along with the Socialist Party
    (Parti Socialiste, PS [5]).

    [1] http://www.cdenv.be/
    [2] http://www.lecdh.be
    [3] http://www.vld.be
    [4] http://www.mr.be
    [5] http://www.ps.be/

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    The new Employment Contracts Act took effect on 1 July 2009. This brought
    about several changes in the regulation of redundancies with the aim of
    providing for greater flexibility. For instance, the term of the advance
    notice period was reduced by 30 calendar days to between two weeks and three
    months, depending on the length of the employment contract. To ease the
    financial burden of redundancies for employers, the payment of redundancy
    benefits will be shared by the employer and the Estonian Unemployment
    Insurance Fund (Eesti Töötukassa [1]).

    [1] http://www.tootukassa.ee/eng

  • Article
    1 Diciembre 2009

    Data from the Department of Labour Inspection [1] (Τμήμα
    Επιθεώρησης Εργασίας) of the Ministry of Labour and Social
    Insurance (Υπουργείου Εργασίας και Κοινωνικών
    Ασφαλίσεων, MLSI [2]) show that, during 2008, there was a
    substantial increase in workplace accidents (12.4%) in Cyprus, compared with
    2007. In total, some 2,367 occupational accidents occurred in 2008, compared
    with 2,105 cases in the previous year. According to a sectoral analysis of
    the available data on workplace accidents provided by the Department of
    Labour Inspection, the construction sector still has the highest number of
    accidents, with a rate of 27.42% in 2008 compared with 26.75% in 2007
    (*CY0707029I* [3]). The frequency of accidents in the construction sector is
    more than twice the average in the economy as a whole, and the proportion of
    fatal accidents is even higher.

    [1] http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/dli/dli.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument
    [2] http://www.mlsi.gov.cy/mlsi/mlsi.nsf/dmlindex_en/dmlindex_en?OpenDocument
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-measures-to-reduce-accidents-at-work