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  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    A Presidential Decree on the establishment of European Works Councils (EWCs)
    in Greece was signed on 20 March 1997. Its purpose is to transpose into Greek
    law EC Directive 94/45/EC on the provision of information and consultation to
    employees in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of
    undertakings, which, under the terms of the Directive, should have been
    transposed by 22 September 1996. The Presidential Decree takes up the option
    provided in the Directive of not applying its provisions to maritime workers.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    Under a novel provision in the Finance Bill, 1997 which gives effect to this
    year's Budget, employees are now entitled to tax relief on individual
    lump-sum payments paid in the context of company restructuring. The payments
    can be made by companies to their employees for agreeing to pay
    restructuring, which must involve overall pay reductions of at last 10% of an
    employee's average salary for the previous two years and must remain in force
    for at least five years. While it is possible that basic pay could be hit by
    the measure, the sort of payroll reductions envisaged are more likely to
    effect non-basic pay items such as overtime, bonus payments and shift
    allowances.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    In France, regulation of the working week is based on a piece of legislation
    passed in 1936, which laid down a work schedule spread over five days.
    Decrees on the application of this law made special provision, in each
    sector, for the way in which these hours would be organised. The one
    concerning banking dates from 1937.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    According to the report /Reported industrial injuries in the building and
    construction sector, 1993-1995/, from the Labour Inspectorate, the sector
    experienced a 22% increase in industrial accidents over the course of
    1993-1995. The general increase in industrial accidents in the period was
    11%. Whereas approximately 5% of the workforce are employed in the building
    and construction sector, this sector reported 8% of all industrial accidents.
    Every month one fatal and 50 serious accidents occur in the sector, and 84
    fatal accidents took place at all Danish workplaces in 1995. The increased
    number of accidents in the building and construction sector, according to the
    Labour Inspectorate, can largely be explained by the sector's 9% job-growth
    and the improved reporting of industrial accidents.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    The /Seymour-Smith/ case has raised the issue of the legality of the two-year
    qualifying period of employment before employees may bring a claim for unfair
    dismissal. The /Observer/ in April reported that many employees are having
    their employment contracts terminated only days before completing the
    two-year period which is necessary to gain employment protection. At present,
    full-time employees must have accumulated two years' continuous service,
    while for employees who work between eight and 16 hours per week, the
    qualifying period is five years.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    The principal collective agreement in the Dutch information technology and
    office equipment sector, concluded in April 1997 between the employers'
    organisation and one of the trade unions, has been criticised by the other
    unions and four large software and service companies

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    In the wake of Renault's announcement of the closure of its plant at
    Vilvoorde (EU9703108F [1]) European trade unions, the European Commission and
    the European Parliament have called for tougher measures to protect the
    interests of employees in the event of large-scale redundancies, business
    transfers and relocation. In an address to the European Parliament (EP) in
    March, Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for industrial relations,
    employment and social affairs, reminded member state governments that they
    had rejected such tougher measures in 1992. While he argued that existing
    legislation covered the situation at Renault, there had to be a serious
    question mark over the deterrent effect of the level of sanctions currently
    available. He told MEP s that he would "propose to the Commission that we
    proceed in the coming weeks with the first stage of consultations with the
    social partners at European level on this issue and I sincerely hope that we
    are able, through this action, the strengthen the protection of workers"
    (reported in RAPID, 11 March). He also pronounced himself in favour of the
    institution of general rules to complement existing measures, aimed at making
    information and consultation compulsory at member state level.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-renault-case-and-the-future-of-social-europe

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    The Belgian Defence Minister, Jean-Pol Poncelet, has announced measures that
    will prompt far-reaching changes in the personnel structure of the Belgian
    armed forces, covering the army, navy and airforce. The policy directly or
    indirectly affects about 40,000 military personnel. Mr Poncelet's plans are
    innovative and rather unusual for the armed forces, which are not normally
    known for their swift changes in organisational structure and personnel
    management. The Minister feels, however, that the armed forces should not be
    exempt from moves towards greater flexibility, currently a prominent theme in
    labour negotiations in Belgium. Moreover, changes in the armed forces can
    serve as an example for other sectors of the Belgian economy.

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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