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  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    On 1 April 1997, the whole air transport sector, including cabotage(domestic
    flights within other member states), was officially opened to EC-wide
    competition. Cabotageno longer has to be the continuation of a flight
    originating outside a particular country. So nothing now remains of Air
    Inter's monopoly in France, which had already been severely challenged by the
    European Commission in 1994, following a complaint from TAT, now one of
    British Airways' French subsidiaries.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    Based on the so-called Dual System (of Vocational Training) [1] (Duales
    System), practical vocational training [2] in Germany is given at work in the
    participating employer's establishment, backed up by statutory theoretical
    training and general education provided in vocational training school [3] s.
    The characteristic feature of the system is that the provision of knowledge
    and skills is linked to the acquisition of the required job experience.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/dual-system-of-vocational-training-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/vocational-training-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/vocational-training-school

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    With 270,000 persons either on early retirement, unemployed or otherwise
    excluded from the labour market, theSocial Democrat-led Government is anxious
    to involve the social partners in producing workable alternatives for job
    creation for these groups of workers, rather than simply paying lip-service
    to the idea. In the 1995 collective bargaining round, the social partners
    were invited to elaborate on social clauses in their collective agreements.
    Accordingly, 90% of the bargaining units in the are covered by the LO trade
    union confederation and DA employers' confederation agreed on what have
    become known as "Social Chapters", which contain framework provisions on job
    creation on special terms of employment - ie, content of work, working hours
    and pay - to be negotiated and elaborated upon at local and company level.
    Similarly, the bargaining parties in government employment agreed on Social
    Chapters in their 1995 collective agreements. Employees in local government
    at regional and municipal level were also covered by a framework agreement
    negotiated in May 1996.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    It emerged in April 1997 that the former president of the Irish Congress of
    Trade Unions (ICTU), Phil Flynn, is expected to play a key role in the new
    "partnership-based" industrial relations structure currently being drawn up
    between management and unions at Ireland's state-owned airline, Aer Lingus.
    Over 4,000 workers are employed by the airline and a further 1,600 by its
    maintenance subsidiary, TEAM.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    April 1997 was a very good month for securing the future of British car
    plants. The Ford Halewood plant on Merseyside and the Peugeot Ryton plant in
    Coventry have both secured the production of new vehicles into the next
    century. The future of Rover's Longbridge plant is in the balance while an
    announcement is delayed over whether a new model /Mini/ will be produced.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    In March 1997, Guardian Europe SA, signed its first-ever collective agreement
    for blue-collar workers. The deal provides for pay increases, while its
    provisions on other terms and conditions largely mirror statutory provisions.

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    On 8 April, AKZO-Nobel and the unions reached agreement on both working time
    reductions and pay increases. The dispute, which had served to divide
    AKZO-Nobel and the industrial unions since 13 March (NL9703108N [1]), was
    resolved to everyone's satisfaction.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/akzo-nobel-abandons-a-standard-36-hour-week

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for employment, industrial
    relations and social affairs, announced on 3 April 1997 that the Commission
    is to take infringement proceedings against three member states for their
    failure to apply certain Community legislation in the social field. Reasoned
    opinions outlining the Commission's view are to be sent to France, Italy and
    Greece. The details of the cases are as follows:

  • Article
    27 Abril 1997

    Following negotiations which have been held in a cooperative atmosphere,
    Belgacom, the partially privatised, but still largely government-owned
    Belgian telephone company, has announced plans to reduce rather drastically
    its number of employees. The current workforce of about 26,000 will have to
    be reduced by about 5,000 by the end of 1998.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications