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  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    The second part of the two-year National General Collective Agreement 1996-7
    (EGSSE) came into force at the beginning of 1997. The principal purpose of
    the EGSSE is to set minimum pay levels, which have a two-fold significance:
    providing a framework for the social protection of unskilled workers and
    acting as a guideline for negotiations at more specific levels - enterprise,
    industry-wide or occupational. Whatever is agreed at the level of the EGSEE
    covers, without exception, the whole of the private sector, as well as the
    broader public sector (public administration is excluded). The wages of
    public servants have until now been determined by the Government, but this
    will have to change following Greece's ratification of International Labour
    Organisation Conventions Nos. 151 and 154, which consolidate the right of
    public servants to collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    Nurses had threatened industrial action on 10 February 1997 in pursuit of a
    claim for a major overhaul in their pay structures and an improved early
    retirement scheme. However, the action was called off when the nurses
    accepted an IEP 85 million formula drawn up by the Labour Court, which
    includes the creation of a commission which will examine a range of issues
    related to the nursing profession. Four trade unions representing over 26,000
    nurses were involved in the dispute, the largest being the 16,000-strong
    Irish Nurses Organisation (INO).

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    Judging from a recent exchange of letters between a Dutch trade unions and
    the Department of Justice, it would appear that cross-border cooperation
    between unions, let alone their international merger, is beset with legal
    difficulties.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    On 21 January 1997, the two French electricity and gas public utility
    companies signed an agreement with three trade unions ( the CFDT, the CFTC
    and the CFE-CGC). This agreement is designed to improve their competitiveness
    and productivity while at the same time maintaining their workforce at
    current levels. This is to be achieved mainly through the introduction of
    part-time working. Both the CGT and the CGT-FO unions are strongly critical
    of this agreement.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    The Italian Government and social partners are currently implementing their
    tripartite "Pact for Employment" (Patto per il Lavoro), which is intended to
    promote employment and foster economic development in Italy through the
    introduction of a wide and complex set of policies. The agreement, signed on
    24 September 1996, is of the utmost political importance as it falls within
    within the framework of the renened social concertation strategy that has
    been pursued over the 1990s. The Pact earmarks a total amount of about ITL
    15,000 billion for its implementation over the 1997-1999 period.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    On 6 February 1997, theSwedish Paper Workers' Union and the Employers'
    Federation of Swedish Forest Industries told the conciliators Lars-Gunnar
    Albåge and Rune Larson that they accepted their proposal for a national
    collective agreement on wages for 1997. There had been two stumbling blocks
    in the negotiations: the trade union's claim for a reduction of annual
    working time by 25 hours; and the employers' insistence on an agreement that
    would run for at least two years. The outcome is an agreement on wages only,
    that runs for one year, backdated to 1 January 1997.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    1997's collective bargaining in the private sector is concentrating on three
    main issues: 100% wage compensation during maternity leave; further
    negotiations over the pension scheme initiated in 1991; and a limited wage
    increase to allow for inflation. The social partners in the different
    bargaining areas are largely in agreement on the content of the new
    collective agreements, but the central social partner organisations - the
    Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA) - still cannot agree whether the new collective agreements
    should be of two or three years' duration.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    The Trades Union Congress (TUC) launched its campaign to put workers' rights
    at the centre of the general election on 14 February 1997. The campaign,
    which will cost GBP 1 million, includes newspaper and cinema ads, billboards
    and leaflets.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    At the end of 1996, the major trade unions and employers' associations signed
    the Second National Agreement on Continuing Training (II Acuerdo Nacional de
    Formación Continua), which was later endorsed by a tripartite agreement
    between these organisations and the Government. The new agreements build on
    certain basic aspects of the continuing training system in Spain that was
    started in 1993, though they also introduce some important innovations.

  • Article
    27 Febrero 1997

    On 18 September 1996, the European Commission adopted a /Communication
    Concerning the Development of the Social Dialogue Process at Community Level/
    (COM(96) 448 final). Launching the Communication, the commissioner
    responsible for social affairs, Padraig Flynn, said that the time had come to
    reform and adapt the social dialogue in view of the new challenges facing the
    European Union in years to come. The Commission was" aiming at a
    rationalisation of structures and an optimal allocation of the resources
    available".

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications