Publications

14867 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Campaign for social standards among German global players

    The confederation of Critical Shareholders (Kritische Aktionäre) is an alliance of about 35 small shareholders' groups and other non-governmental organisations such as environmental, consumer and anti-militaristic groups. Currently, the Critical Shareholders are active in about 40 German corporations including the most important German banks as well as various industrial corporations in the automobile, electronic, chemical and food industries. They can call on up to 5% of the votes cast in some of the companies.
  • Parliament turns down legislative proposal to prohibit closed shops

    In June 1997, the Norwegian Parliament turned down a legislative proposal which would provide employees with a right both to choose their own organisation or not to be organised. The aim of the proposal was primarily to prohibit collective agreements with closed shop clauses. This would have had a particular impact on employees in enterprises affiliated to the labour movement.
  • Dispute at Astander shipyard

    Protests in June 1997 against the termination of ship-refitting work at Spain's publicly owned Astander shipyard met with a forceful response from the police. The problem arose because the Ministry of Industry imposed a unilateral amendment to the Strategic Competitiveness Plan for the naval sector. The dispute is still continuing, even though the Ministry has modified its position
  • Government and unions differ on EU information and consultation proposals

    On 4 June, Padraig Flynn, the European Commissioner responsible for social affairs, employment and industrial relations, launched a consultation document on "information and consultation of workers within the national framework" (EU9706132F [1]). The document constitutes the first stage of consultation of the European-level social partners under the Maastricht social policy Agreement procedure, and could thus lead to a European-level agreement and/or Community legislation. If the Commission's proposals bear fruit, there would be minimum standards across Europe to ensure that workers enjoy rights to be informed and consulted. These rights would apply to all workers in enterprises above a certain size (50 employees has been suggested as a possible threshold). The new measure would reinforce existing requirements on national information and consultation over transfers of undertakings, collective redundancies and health and safety issues. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined/european-social-partners-discuss-the-social-impact-of-restructuring
  • New sectoral collective agreements cover 1.4 million workers

    After the failure in late 1996 (BE9702101F [1]) to come to a national intersectoral agreement for 1997-8, the Belgian Government gave the lower-level negotiators on both sides a clear message: the maximum pay increase should be 6.1% spread over two years (1997 and 1998). The negotiators have apparently respected the Government's position: the average increase in labour costs arising from sectoral collective agreements is between 5.6% and 5.7%. The Government also guaranteed an annual subsidy of BEF 150,000 to help offset the cost of each newly created job, if two of the following employment schemes were part of the negotiated agreement - part-time work, part-time early retirement, flexible work schedules, collective reduction of working hours, additional training and temporary leave or career breaks (loopbaanonderbreking). [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-labour-market/apparent-breakdown-of-belgian-central-bargaining
  • Report examines collectively agreed holidays and holiday bonuses in 1997

    According to a recent study of 1997 provisions by the Institute for Economics and Social Science (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI), most employees in Germany receive a collectively agreed holiday bonus, though there are significant sectoral differences in the amount of the bonus. While most employees are due 30 days' paid leave per year, the average annual holiday bonus for a blue collar worker in a middle-range income group ranges between DEM 200 and DEM 2,587.
  • Privatisation for state-owned companies?

    In his inaugural address to the National Assembly on 19 June 1997, France's new Prime Minister, Lionel Jospin, said nothing to clarify his position on the privatisation programme planned by the outgoing Government.
  • Agreement at Caja Madrid for afternoon opening and job creation

    A recent dispute and subsequent agreement in May 1997 between Caja Madrid, an important savings bank, and the trade unions is an important reference point for the current debate on working hours and employment in the Spanish banking sector.
  • Employers call on the Danish Government to alter the early retirement scheme

    Since the original introduction of early retirement schemes some 20 years ago, the number of employees aged 60-66 taking early retirement has more than tripled, from about 40,000 in 1980 to 127,000 in February 1997, equal to more than two-thirds of everyone in that age group. In 1976 more than 75% of all men remained in the labour force until they were 65; today only 28% stay on until they become entitled to a pension at 67. Over the course of the last 20 years the average age of those taking early retirement has fallen from 63 to 60. TheMinistry of Finance estimates that there will be 160,000 recipients of early retirement benefits by 2005, whereas theDanish Employers' Confederation (DA) estimates that this figure will double to some 260,000 people. The wide difference of opinion between the government estimates and those of the DA accounts for the disagreement as to whether legislation is needed to stem the flow of those opting to take early retirement.
  • Unions welcome role in Government

    After 18 years in the wilderness, being frozen out of influence in the corridors of government by Conservative administrations, trade unions have been informed that they will be offered places on working groups being formed to advise various government departments. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) reports a substantially changed mood in Whitehall and Westminster, after years of unions being systematically excluded from representing their members.

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