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  • Article
    9 Julio 2002

    According to the 'Report on the social situation of inhabitants of the Slovak
    Republic in 2001', published by the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and
    Family [1] in mid-2002, the average nominal monthly wage amounted to SKK
    12,365 in 2001. This represented an increase of 8.2% on the previous year,
    when the figure stood at SKK 11,430. As the cost-of-living index for
    employees increased by 7.0% over 2001, the year's increase in the average
    nominal monthly wage represented a real pay increase of 1.1%, following two
    years of decreases in real wages. The table below indicates real wage
    developments over 1997-2001, showing the real wage level in each year as a
    percentage of that in the previous year.


  • Article
    9 Julio 2002

    Following the recent acquisition of Lustucru pasta, flour and rice plants in
    France from the Skalli group by Paribas Affaires Industrielles, the major
    shareholder in the Panzani pasta company, some of the Lustucru operations
    must be sold off to a third party to avoid a possible monopoly situation for
    Panzani. The workforce at the Lustucru plants in Marseilles and Arles,
    fearing their jobs might be in jeopardy, went on strike between 13 May and 13
    June 2002, at the instigation of the CGT trade union. The strikers returned
    to work following the negotiation of a financial package with management.

  • Article
    9 Julio 2002

    During June 2002, negotiations continued between the Italian government and
    social partner organisations over the former's reform proposals for the
    labour market and other areas. However, the Cgil trade union confederation
    announced its intention to collect signatures to enable it to propose two
    laws and hold two referenda to revoke parts of the government's labour market
    reform, and to take a case to the Constitutional Court to have the
    government's proposed changes to Article 18 of the Workers' Statute (relating
    to the reinstatement of unfairly dismissed workers) declared
    unconstitutional. The divisions between the unions have become more marked,
    with the Cisl and Uil confederations prepared to sign an agreement with the
    government under certain conditions.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    Industrial action was staged in a range of countries around Europe on 19 June
    2002 by employees working in air traffic control. The workers were protesting
    against plans drawn up by the European Commission to create a 'European
    single sky [1]'– a single European airspace, replacing the current system
    under which each EU Member State has its own national airspace.


  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    A new collective agreement signed in June 2002 in Luxembourg's private bus
    transport sector provides that drivers will receive at least seven hours' pay
    for an 11-hour daily period of availability to work. Previously, they were
    paid only for hours actually worked.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    The 2001 annual report [1] of the Equality Authority, launched on 26 June
    2002 by the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Michael McDowell,
    states that 405 claims were submitted to the Authority in 2001 under the
    Employment Equality Act 1998 (IE9909144F [2]), and 675 claims under the Equal
    Status Act 2000 (IE0109101F [3]) - an overall increase of over 800% on the
    2000 figures. There was an increase in caseload across all nine
    discrimination grounds of gender, marital status, family status, disability,
    sexual orientation, age, religion, race and membership of the traveller

    [1] Report 2001.pdf

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    On 20 June 2002, the Unified Service Sector Union (Vereinte
    Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft, ver.di) and the German Employers' Association
    for Insurance Companies (Arbeitgeberverband der Versicherungsunternehmen in
    Deutschland, AGV) signed a new collective agreement for the 240,000 or so
    employees in the insurance sector.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    A study by Belgium's bipartite consultative Central Economic Council,
    published in May 2002, has highlighted the financial and organisational
    difficulties faced by the mothers of young children when they attempt to
    enter the labour market. At the heart of this problem lies the inadequacy of
    facilities for looking after young children. The French-speaking Community
    has promised to increase the supply of childcare by 2010.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    The Public Service Benchmarking Body (PSBB), set up in 2000 to establish fair
    comparisons between the pay of public service workers and similar groups in
    the private sector, issued its report on 1 July 2002. The PSBB's report
    recommends a wide range of pay increases - from 2.5% to as high as 25% -
    averaging out at 8.9%. The pay rises are expected eventually to add EUR 1.1
    billion to the government's annual public sector wage bill. The only
    negotiable element of the report is precisely when the recommended increases
    will be paid – not the actual awards - and whether trade unions will have
    to concede productivity improvements.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    In a joint statement on EU social policy [1], issued on 19 June 2002 in
    advance of the Seville European Council meeting, the Confederation of British
    Industry (CBI) and its Italian counterpart Confindustria stated that
    'business is losing faith in the commitment of the [European] Commission and
    some national governments to promote competitiveness and job creation.' The
    two employers' organisations are critical of the 'disappointing progress'
    made to date on the 'new social agenda' agreed at the 2000 Lisbon summit
    (EU0004241F [2]) and accuse the European Commission of continuing to favour
    'heavy-handed intervention' which reflect the 'old social agenda'.

    [1]$FILE/CBI-Confindustria Statement.pdf


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications