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  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    On 24 May 2002, Det Danske Stålvalseværk A/S (Dansteel) - Denmark's largest
    recycling company, whose activities include producing iron and steel from
    scrap - suspended payments after having accumulated a deficit of about DKK
    0.5 billion over the past three years. The wages of the employees were
    guaranteed for a further period of one month and, according to employee
    representatives, the employees agreed to continue to work while the
    management looked for a buyer. On 28 June, however, the company filed a
    winding-up petition and about 1,100 employees received notice of dismissal.

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    On 12 June 2002, trade and industry secretary Patricia Hewitt announced the
    appointment of Adair Turner as the new chair of the Low Pay Commission (LPC)
    - the independent body that advises the government on the national minimum
    wage (NMW) (UK9807135F [1]). Mr Turner, who was director-general of the
    Confederation of British Industry (CBI) from 1995 to 1999 and currently holds
    a senior position within Merrill Lynch Europe, replaces Professor Sir George
    Bain who is standing down. At the same time, the government announced the
    replacement of one of the employer members of the Commission. In addition to
    Mr Turner, the Commission consists of three employer members, three trade
    union members and two academics.


  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    On 1 July 2002, after about 18 months of preparations, three major service
    sector employers' organisations entered into a formal merger, creating a new
    umbrella organisation entitled Commerce, Transport and Service (Handel,
    Transport og Serviceerhvervene, HTS). The founding organisations are the
    Employers' Federation for Trade, Transport and Service
    (Arbejdsgiverforeningen for Handel, Transport og Service, ATHS), the Chamber
    of Commerce (Handelskammeret) and the Association of the Hotel, Restaurant
    and Leisure Industry in Denmark (Hotel-, Restaurant-, og Turisterhvervets
    Arbejdsgiverforening, HORESTA). The new organisation has a group-like
    structure, with employer interests and business interests being handled
    separately, With more than 10,000 affiliated enterprises and 90 sectoral
    member organisations, HTS is Denmark's second-largest combined trade and
    employers' organisation after the Confederation of Danish Industries (Dansk
    Industri, DI).

  • Article
    8 Julio 2002

    The European Commission has been focusing on various aspects of pension
    provision for some time, as part of its attempts to encourage freedom of
    movement within the European Union. Thus, on 12 June 2002, it launched the
    first stage of an EU-level social partner consultation exercise [1] on the
    subject of the portability of supplementary pension provision.


  • Article
    3 Julio 2002

    In late 2000, the Swedish government set up a governmental working time
    committee (Kommittén för nya arbetstids- och semesterregler, KNAS), with
    social partner involvement, to examine the entire system of legislation on
    working time and leave and make proposals for reform (SE0101176N [1]). The
    committee - chaired by Hans Karlsson, a former leading figure in the Swedish
    Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) - issued its report (/SOU
    2002:58/) on 18 June 2002. The main proposals for new statutory working time
    rules are as follows:


  • Article
    3 Julio 2002

    Private small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Poland employ more than
    half of the country's workforce. They differ in many ways from public sector
    enterprises in terms of their employees, pay levels and industrial relations.
    Trade unions are very rarely present in private SMEs and employees thus often
    lack collective representation. Employers frequently breach both tax and
    labour law, but without any protests from the workers. These are among the
    finding of research into private SMEs conducted over 1999-2002.

  • Article
    3 Julio 2002

    As negotiations over the formation of a new right-wing coalition government
    proceed in May-June 2002, it seems likely that the new Dutch administration
    will radically restructure the current system of subsidised employment for
    groups such as long-term unemployed people and people with disabilities.
    There is a widespread consensus on the need for change in this area, with
    some favouring modernisation of the system and others its abolition.

  • Article
    3 Julio 2002

    In 2001, overall trade union membership in the Netherlands fell slightly,
    despite attempts to attract new members, prompting questions again to be
    raised about their representativeness. At the same time, financial problems
    are besetting some unions, notably FNV Bondgenoten, the largest union in the
    private sector, while the FNV confederation's invested capital has shrunk and
    questions have been asked about the ethicality of its investments. One new
    way of attracting members, proposed by the FNV chair in May 2002, is for
    unions to seek to represent the inerests of illegal workers.

  • Article
    2 Julio 2002

    In May 2002, the Spanish government approved a Royal Decree reforming
    unemployment benefit and public employment services, prompting trade unions
    to call a one-day general strike on 20 June. Statistical evidence suggests
    that some elements of the reform may have adverse effects on the position of
    unemployed women


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications